!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN"> Bishop Speech - Address at the Bloody Sunday Rally 1980 bishbloodysunday1980.html
The Grenada Revolution Online

Bishop Speech - Address at the Bloody Sunday Rally at Seamoon, St. Andrew's - (16 November 1980)

Comrades of the Party and Government
Beloved Sisters end Brothers
Comrades of Free and Revolutionary Grenada,

Comrades this year as we commemorate another anniversary of Bloody Sunday, we do so at a particularly difficult time for our country. We have to remember comrades, that 1979 was an outstanding year for progressive forces around the world. In 1979 was the "year of the fall of the dictators." It was the year of the fall of Gairy in Grenada. It was the year when St. Lucians moved on, when the Dominicans moved on, It was the year of Zimbabwe, of Nicaragua, of Iran. 1979 was an outstanding year for progressive forces.


But coming towards the end of that year Imperialism began to plan a fight back. And Imperialism in this region and in the rest of the world, began to spend a lot of money, began to develop a lot more military manoeuvres, began to increase their propaganda aggression and intervention, began to look for more and more yardfowls around the world to help them to do their dirty business. And as part of this fight back by imperialism we have seen in our own region in the last few weeks throe new developments, developments which are important to the history of the future of our people.

First of all, you remember a few weeks ago a New American President [Ronald Reagan] came into office. And this particular man is a man who over the years has been talking a lot of aggressive talk against free and progressive people throughout the world. This man is a man who does not believe, for example, that the people of Panama have a right to own their own Panama Canal. This man is a man who believes that the people of Cuba, and Nicaragua, and Grenada do not have a right to exist. And just before this election we also saw an election in Jamaica where a very good friend and ally of the Grenada Revolution, Comrade Michael Manley, and his Party, the People's National Party were thrown out of office. And there again, there is no doubt that the hand of imperialism was involved. But today one of the first things I want to ask you to do, is to recognise and now to applaud, the contribution and the assistance and the friendship which we have always had from the Michael Manley Government and the people of Jamaica.

Following, the results of the Jamaican election and on the night of the American election two Tuesdays ago, Tom Adams of Barbados decided that the time had come for him to once again poke his long nose and wash his dirty mouth in the business of the Free people of Grenada. Once again this man decided that the time had come. And it is obvious that he had this confidence because he saw what was happening in America. Tom Adams didn't even have the decency wait until the people of America had finished counting their votes. As early as just after 9 o'clock in the night Tom Adams was on the radio long time, showing his new master Reagan, what a good little puppy dog he plans to be. He didn't even have the decency to wait, but came out in this vulgar way to try to attack our country.

We have to see this against the background of the last 20 months. A background which we have seen from the first days, and the first hours of the Grenada Revolution involving this man Tom Adams.

We have to recognise, that when Adams made his statement he was speaking from the home of the Acting American Ambassador in Barbados. That is where he went, and where he chose to make a statement about our country and our internal affairs.

We have to see too, that the same man Adams, just a few weeks before, had been saying that he was not prepared to interfere in the business of the people of our country. But yet just two weeks later he saw this man Reagan winning the election. Tom Adams came out and decided that the time had come for him to make a statement. I want you to know today a number of facts which we are going to be speaking about for the first time and which many of you would never had heard before. It is important therefore for us to listen very carefully.


The first thing I want to tell you is that this man Tom Adams was the same man who in the first days of the Grenada Revolution was spending every effort and exerting every piece of energy to try to stop the United States, the U.K., Canada and France from giving recognition to our Revolutionary Government. It is an important point for you to note. Because this man is now going around pretending that it was because of him that in fact the Government of the U.K. gave recognition to our government and our country. The opposite is true. The fact is that he spent several days trying to block that recognition. And the reason why these countries recognised our government and our revolution so quickly, is because they recognised and they followed the basic principle, that once a people have demonstrated their support for a particular revolution, once the government bas demonstrated that it is in complete charge of the country, then recognition automatically follows. And that is why we the people of Grenada in fact got recognition in those first hours.

The second thing I want to say, about Tom Adams is, that his recent statements are not only the most recent statements this man has made about our country. There has been a history of constant interference and constant aggression against the people of Grenada and against the Grenada Revolution. In fact over a long period of time on several different occasions, sometimes Tom Adams and sometimes Henry Forde, his Minister of Foreign Affairs, kept on making statements attacking our country. If you remember in that early period when there was a move by some of these people to try to stop LIAT airlines from coming to Grenada, Tom Adams was one of the main people involved in trying to push this move.

If you also think back a bit more carefully you will remember that in the very first weeks after the Revolution first Adams, and later Henry Forde, came out with hostile statements against the Grenada Revolution and the Grenada people. And what we are discovering more and more is that the Party Newspaper of the BLP [Barbados Labor Party], which is called the 'Beacon', has been consistently attacking the Grenada Revolution from the earliest days and right up to now.

In fact, I have here with me one of the attacks which was contained in a very recent article in that newspaper. I want to just read one or two things to you from this issue of that newspaper. It is in the issue of Friday September 26, a little under two months ago. And here what Adams and they are trying to do, is to repeat all of the nastiest rumours and lies that the most vicious counter-revolutionary elements have been trying to spread in our country. There, for example, they have been spending time in this article trying to attack our fraternal allies and friends from Cuba, trying to spread lies against the Cubans who reside in our country and who have come here to assist us as part of their internationalist duty and responsibility. Let me tell you one of the things they have said here.


One of the statements in this "rag" that passes for a newspaper claims;

"The Cubans recently detained a magistrate and it was only after the intervention of the Commissioner of Police that the magistrate was released."

Imagine that! Not even in Grenada itself have I ever heard this rumour; not even the most vicious counter-revolutionaries have been saying that any magistrate was ever, detained. But here you have Uncle Tom Adams and his Party Newspaper paper that our Cuban Comrades detained a magistrate. That level of baseness and vulgarity is what these people engage in. They also have in this.

"There is a lot of bad behaviour by the Cubans, they have been committing offences including physical assault and rape against Grenadian women."

Now if you want to get more proof Comrades, Sisters and Brothers, of the low level and the base nature of these people like Adams, the extent to which they are willing to go to try to vilify the Grenada Revolution and to try to destroy the well deserved image and reputation of our Cuban Comrades in our country. I want to know to what extent further they can sink. But what we have to be able to say to these people is that nothing that they do, no matter what they say, no matter how many tricks they try, they will never be able to destroy the unshakeable friendship between our people and the glorious Cuban people.

I want you observe also comrades that our Party Paper has never spent even one line ever attacking Tom Adams or his Party. Observe that carefully. But this man spent several days in Barbados after his article was written, trying to encourage people working in the media in Barbados, in the Newspapers and the radio station, to reprint this garbage, these lies, from his Party Newspaper. Fortunately, these journalists had enough integrity and courage to refuse to do so.


But I want you to see the extent of the personal pettiness of this man. It is as if he doesn't have enough to do trying to solve whatever problems he has in his country; he even has the time to yet journalists to carry the lies that he would like them to spread. Another point we should note is that this man Tom Adams has been spending a lot of time over the past 20 months trying to sabotage and trying to backstab the Grenadian people. In one case, for example in the early months after the revolution, we were seeking to get emergency assistance from the European Community. And this man spent a lot of time trying to see if he could block us from getting the sum of $1.1 million to help to rebuild our country. Using all sorts of lies, pushing all sorts of treachery in order to try to convince the official in the European Community that that money should net be given to the people of Grenada.

More recently, when Comrade Unison Whiteman last year was in Europe attending one of the conferences of the Socialist International. Tom Adams was also present. And we were then seeking to become members of this body, the Socialist International, a body which also, has parties like Michael Manley's Party in Jamaica. And Tom Adams in that meeting on one occasion in the presence of Comrade Whiteman, and on several other occasions to different delegates behind Comrade Whiteman's back, was trying to see if he could encourage the executive body of that organisation to refuse membership to our country. Fortunately, Comrade Whiteman was able to beat him back and in fact the Executive Committee unanimously accepted Grenada's application for membership. And only last week, you will be pleased to hear we became full members of the S.I. at their congress in Spain.


This whole business too, about the harassment of people coming to our country is not a new story, not something which started yesterday morning or last week or last month. It is a very, very old story. Right from the early days after the Revolution it is now becoming clearer and clearer that Adams gave instructions to some of his airport' officials to harass people coming to our country.

One well known Revolutionary Educator, Dr. Paulo Freire was coming to assist us last year. When he was passing through Barbados he was given much harassment. He was even made to stay overnight although he was carrying an official invitation from the Minister of Education indicating that he was coming here to work for our government. The Cabinet Secretary of our country, Sister Marcella David, when she was passing through Barbados earlier this year using a diplomatic passport, she also was subjected to quite severe harassment at the Barbados airport. Comrade Ashley Taylor, Legal Consultant in the Ministry of External Affairs, an official of an International Agency in our country again carrying a diplomatic passport, earlier this year when passing through Barbados he too was subjected to the grossest forms of abuse and harassment.

Ambassador Dessima Williams, our Ambassador to the Organisation of American States (OAS) who is today sitting on this platform with us, when she was passing through Barbados earlier this year, although she had the status of an Ambassador, although she had a Diplomatic Passport, she too was subjected to severe harassment and humiliation. More recently, when some of our sisters and brothers were coming back from a trip from Cuba, one of them, a sister from the Mt. Rose area, Sister Edlyn Calliste, was actually boxed, slapped by one of these roughnecks, one of these airport officials at the Barbados International Airport. Again, we remember very well that during the first festival of the Revolution on the 13th of March this year [1980], several of our guests coming to our country found themselves harassed and subjected to unnecessary humiliation and abuse as they were in transit at Barbados.

I am sure you will remember that one of the things I did in my speech on March 13th this year, was to apologise to our distinguished visitors for all of the harassment and ill-treatment chat they had received on their way to our country.

When the tourists are coming it is the same story. Only three days ago, a police officer during duty on the docks was told by some tourists coming off one of the ships that when they were passing through Barbados they were told they should not come and if they did come "don't come off the ship because you are not allowed to walk through the streets of St. George's." So these people came and they were worried and wondering about this. And when in fact they had finished walking through the streets and seeing our country and talking to our people then they made the comments, "We can now see why some Barbadian officials will do this because this country, Grenada, is a little paradise." That is clearly one of the things that Uncle Tom is worried about.

More recently, as you know, we have also had the abuse of Minister Unison Whiteman. Cde. Whiteman, two Saturdays ago, was going off to attend a conference in Spain. And when he got to Barbados, the Comrade tells us he was surrounded by about 20 of these roughnecks, 20 of these mongoose gang elements, 20 of these people under direct instructions from Tom Adams. They made him line up and go through the immigration section, then they brought him to the customs section, and in violation of all International Law and International Customs, they then proceeded to search his suitcase although the comrade was protesting that this was not a right that they had. But after they threatened to cut the suitcase open the comrade in fact allowed them to search. They then grabbed his personal security comrade, Comrade Hagley, and dragged him into a room to put a search on him also.

In other words you can see now the extent to which these people are willing to use roughneck and mongoose gang tactics in order to try to get their way with Grenada. You must observe, sisters and brothers that Comrade Whiteman was only passing through Barbados for a few hours. In fact he got there just before two o'clock and he was leaving there just after seven o'clock, Just for a few hours passing through their airport and yet that was the kind of treatment that he had to be subjected to.

We have to be very, very clear about what all of this means comrades, because one of the things too that Cde. Whiteman pointed out is that some of those 20 people were leaving him every few minutes and going to make or receive phone calls and when they came back they would say, "'the prime Minister said "so and so, or "the Prime Minister was asking, "so and so.

In other words, Tom Adams personally supervising and directing this harassment and abuse of our Comrade Unison Whiteman. If you can think of anything lower and baser and more vulgar than that from a so-called Prime Minister I would like to know what that is.

Let me tell you finally, that it is now clear that Tom Adams has been part of a conspiracy and has been an accessory before the fact, and an accessory after the fact to criminal offences attempted or actually committed in our country. Let me explain what I am talking about.


We now know from what Adams himself has said, that people have been phoning him up after midnight using his private unlisted number over the last few months, calling on him to give them assistance to overthrow the government of Grenada. But observe carefully that the first time Adams has told us, the people of Grenada, the Government of Grenada, or told the people of Barbados and the Caribbean this was only a few days ago. The very first time he has made this admission. In other words, information as key and vital as that, information threatening the survival of a government in the Caribbean, Adams gets that information and when his friends ring him up after midnight he is able to talk with them about this information. What that clearly shows is that this man has been involved for some time now in plotting, and planning, and scheming to see if he could find ways of overthrowing our government in this country. Because observe carefully that if you ring him up after midnight you must be talking about his private phone. And the only people who are going to have his private phone are going to be friends of his. And that must tell you something about the nature and the level of the discussions which have been going on.

It is because he has been giving out his private number to people like those he now tries to make the charge against us in Grenada that we have given our private number to the Cuban Ambassador in Grenada. And he now tries to make the further even more ridiculous charge that the Cuban Ambassador in our country has been attending Cabinet Meetings and giving us directions.

Obviously, because Adams understands very well that he has to take instructions from the Americans, even to the extent of going out and making a speech for them on the same night of the American Elections, Adams assumes that because he must take instructions everybody else must take instructions. He does not understand that we in Grenada are fiercely independent, that we know that just like our Cuban Comrades built the Cuban Revolution, so too only Grenadians, and Grenadians alone, can build the Grenada Revolution. He cannot understand that.

One of the things too in this area I want to mention is that when the agent, Stanley Cyrus left Grenada and was spending a few weeks or months living in Barbados, he was doing so with the fullest knowledge and consent of Tom Adams, and in fact, this man Cyrus was walking around Barbados with two armed bodyguards. Wherever he went these people were with him.

Our present Ambassador to the United Nations saw this man at the Barbados Airport with these bodyguards and he was boasting about the fact that he was receiving official protection and therefore didn't have to worry about police asking him any questions. I want you to take a note of that also.

But the second area in which this man Adams must now take responsibility for any attack on our people, and for one particular attack that took place, was in relation to the bomb incident in Queen's Park when the murderers planted a bomb which had the result of killing three of our sisters and injuring 94 of our sisters and brothers in Grenada. Because Adams last week also admitted that he knew something about a bomb and that the bomb might have been for Grenada. But he never contacted us, never told us that he had any information about any bomb, until after the explosion took place. And then so as to cover up and pretend at that point, he contacted us to say that he had some information. We therefore must say this today, that the people of our country and the people of Barbados have every right to demand from Tom Adams a clear explanation of everything that he knows about this bomb. We have every right to lay part of the responsibility of that bomb blast at Tom Adams' doorsteps for the information he concealed.


Comrades, in the face of all of this provocation, all of this harassment, all of this aggression, the people and government of our country have remained cool in dealing with Tom Adams. I want you to notice that our policy has consistently been a policy of non-interference. We have never once told the people of Barbados, as we could have that it is time for them to have their own revolution to got rid of Uncle Tommism, backyardism, and yardfowlism. We never once made that call because we believe that the people of Barbados must decide that question themselves. We have only responded to Adams and Forde whenever they were fresh and mannish enough to come out and attack the fighting and free people of our country. That was the only time we responded. I want you to note that.

I want you to note secondly that when these hypocrites talk about "quiet diplomacy" the truth of the matter is that the only quiet diplomacy going on has been, coming from the Grenada side.


We have spoken to several ministers in the Barbados Government complaining about the harassment. I have personally spoken to Henry Forde about the matter, and to Tom Adams about the matter. The comrade Deputy Prime Minister, Comrade Coard has also spoken to these people about this matter. Comrade George Louison has also spoken to different government ministers, including Henry Forde, about this matter. Several of us, time after time have been meeting these people and telling them about the harassment and asking them to bring it to an end. But each time nothing changes. In fact, as long ago as December 5 last year I wrote Tom Adams a letter in which I raised a number of matters concerning relations between our two countries. And I want you to bear with me sisters and brothers for two minutes while I read you some extracts from this letter which I wrote on December 5 to Tom Adams. I want you to bear with me for a few minutes. The letter begins.

"I would like to take this opportunity to raise a few matters with you in your capacity as P.M. of Barbados. Firstly, we in Grenada are getting very concerned about the fact that our Ministers of Government are not being extended normal courtesies when they have occasion to pass through Barbados. In particular we are deeply concerned about a recent incident involving Bro. Whiteman, our Minister of Agriculture.

From reports given to me by Bro. Whiteman, it is clear that on September 17, 1979, he was searched on arrival at Grantley Adams Airport."

Now I am not talking about last week, I am talking, about September 17 last year, more than one year ago is what this letter is talking about.

"This is obviously a breach of normal protocol," (the letter goes on) "But what made the matter worse is that when Bro. Whiteman identified himself as a Minister in the Grenada Government, he was informed in a hostile and offensive manner by airport officials that this made no difference, as "if Maurice Bishop comes he will get searched too."

That was last year September 1979. That is what I am writing to Tom Adams about. The letter continues.

"Needless to say, this lack of protocol and courtesy is totally unacceptable. Had it not been for our personal relations, I would have made a formal protest, but in the circumstances, I an asking you to urgently look into the matter in order to ensure that this situation is corrected."

I then went on to deal with what happened with Dr. Paulo Freire when he passed through Barbados on 21st. Nov. last year. Then I raised with Adams in this letter the question of the Grenada desk at the Grantley Adams Airport saying to him that we had received no reply to our request for such a desk. I then raised with him the question of what had been said by one or two Barbadian hoteliers to tourists coming to Grenada. I will read this section quickly:

"A practice has recently developed where by some Barbadian hotelier have been insisting that all in transit passengers to Grenada would be accommodated only if they mere willing to spend 3 nights in their hotel."

In other words, you are passing through Barbados coming to Grenada, you have a ticket that says you can come straight on, then the people at the desk in Barbados tell you you don't have a good booking. Then when you go to a hotel expecting to stay overnight, they make you stay 3 nights. By the time all of this is finished you may have spent 6 or 7 hundred U.S. dollars already and in some cases you cancel your trip to Grenada. I pointed all this out to Adams in this letter. And I pointed out that the Grenada desk hopefully would make sure that this kind of thing did not happen.

I then raised with him the question of route nights (sic) for Air Grenada between Barbados and Grenada and asked him for a reply to a letter which I had written to him several months before. I want to go to the next section which is a very interesting section. Listen to this section carefully.

"I would also like to raise the issue of Mr. Forde's injudicious and unacceptable recent remarks about the Grenada Revolution."

I was telling Adams once again that his Minister Henry Forde was attacking us and I was again objecting to that. The letter goes on.

"I trust these remarks are not a reflection of the views of the Government of Barbados. I am particularly anxious to know that this is the case because the last thing we want is a war of words between our two governments."

I want you to note that carefully brothers and sisters. In this letter written on the 5th of December last year 1979 I am actually saying to Adams that the last thing we want is "a war of words" between our two governments. You notice that today the newspapers and radios are saying that there is "a war of words," but note that one year ago acting on your behalf, I advised Adams to be careful that this kind of thing did not happen. I want to continue the letter.

"Certainly, such a conflict would not be in the interest of Caribbean integration nor would it reflect our joint acceptance of the principles of ideological pluralism and the traditional friendly ties that have existed between our two countries. Needless to say we are very anxious to have our relations normalised and thereafter to have them improved and strengthened."

The last paragraph of the letter is important, so although it has taken long, just bear with me for one second, so I can finish this last paragraph for you:

"You will of course note that not-with-standing the constraints at this time, we have continued to deal with your Government in a principled way, and, indeed, have given our fullest support to your candidates for the Deputy Secretary Generalship of the OAS and FAO council."

I was pointing out that although there were problems, we in fact continued to support Barbadian candidates to important international organisations. The letter ends:

"You should conclude from that, our genuine commitment to and desire for the closest and most concrete form of cooperation and solidarity between the Governments and peoples of the region. I certainly hope that you share my concern in this regard."

Now comrades I have read most of this letter because it is an important document. What this letter reveals is that fully one year age because of our concern about these relations, I wrote the Prime Minister of Barbados, Tom Adams, and made certain formal complaints and pointed out that there were certain dangers that could develop. One year ago I was saying to this man that we don't want bad relations, we don't want a war of words, we want to have normal relations. But in fact Tom Adams just continued with all of the old tricks and all of the old ways.

When he replied to my letter he said that the matter concerning Minister Unison Whiteman was to be investigated, but he gave his assurance that all ministers of our government would be treated with respect when they were passing through the airport. But in fact he did not keep that promise for even 5 seconds. In no time at all, he again started the harassment of our ministers and our people.


I want you to observe also comrades, that we in Grenada have not done what the Adams Government has done. We have not withdrawn V.I.P. facilities from Barbados Government Officials and Government Ministers coming to our country. Because we feel this is part of our duty as a civilized country belonging to the international community, to respect the international traditions and norms and customs. Secondly we also feel that this is a base and petty action which we cannot support as a government or as a people.

I want you to notice too, that we, in fact, have been making serious attempts over the last 20 months to develop and to build in a principled way, Caribbean cooperation and Caribbean solidarity. When we passed the St. George's Declaration with our fellow governments of. St. Lucia and Dominica last year, that Declaration among other things, was trying to remove passport restrictions between our three countries, was trying to make it easier for the people of the Caribbean to get to know each other and to move freely among themselves.

We have also over these twenty months, always made sure and left spaces open in any schools that we have opened. When we opened our Hotel Training School, our Fishing School, the Mirabeau Agricultural School, in each case we always left room in those institutions for our sisters and brothers in neighboring islands who may not have had similar institutions and similar facilities. Because we see that as being part of our duty and part of our responsibility to developing closer links and ties between the people of the Caribbean.

You would also have noticed that whenever in fact any of our sisters and brothers in any Caribbean island, are afflicted by natural disasters, by hurricanes, volcanoes, whatever it is, we in Grenada always make an effort, and we send some kind of small assistance to any sister Caribbean country that is in any kind of trouble. And that is something which we are proud of, and something we will continue to do.


I want to say too, that when Adams stands up in Barbados and tries to pretend that some of the International Agencies, and some of the countries around the world might stop sending money to the Caribbean countries, because of the Grenada Revolution, that is another big lie Adams is spreading. The truth of the matter is that much, much more money, many more millions of dollars have come to this region over the last 20 months on account of the Grenada Revolution.

Because what the Americans for example, have been forced to do is that in their anxiety to try to prevent other revolutions from taking place in the Caribbean was to desert and abandon their policy of neglecting the Caribbean and today they are out here in numbers. Now from out of Barbados they are engaging in shuttle diplomacy. Every few days one of them is in a different island. Now in most islands certainly in Barbados, several more millions of dollars have now gotten into the treasuries of these islands, because the Americans are trying to pump money to see if they can get people to stop thinking about their problems. They are trying to pump money into some of these islands now as a means of trying to hold back progressive change and progressive development. So the fact of the matter, and the truth of the matter is that because of the Grenada Revolution many more Caribbean countries today have been able to receive much, much more assistance from the United States.

And there is another side of that coin that Adams should note while he is engaging in his backyard and yardfowl policies he should try to remember that if he helps or tries to help anybody in overthrowing the Grenada Revolution, although that is impossible, but if he tries to do that and that in fact happens, then it is going to mean an end to all of the extra dollars which the Grenada Revolution is responsible for bringing to the region. They had better face up to that fact also.

So far from trying to blame us for losing money they should thank us, the people of Grenada, for getting more money for several of them, and particularly for the same Barbados. We also have to recognise comrades, that our Revolution represents a new hope for the masses of the Caribbean. What they have seen going on in Grenada represents to them quite correctly, a new form, a new and much more worthwhile form of Democracy. When they come to our country and they hear about Community Work Brigades, they hear about the National Youth Organisation, the National Women's Organisations, the National Students Council. The fact that the women in our country are today for the first time free to be involved as equals with their men in building their country, when they see all of this grassroots Democracy going on, they wonder if they are in the same region as Grenada.


What people like Adams see here are frightened by here, is this New Democratic Grassroots Democracy where the people themselves on a daily basis are involved. It frightens them. Because over the years they have preferred to keep people ignorant. They have preferred to pretend that the Westminster kind of Democracy is a real Democracy, when in fact Westminster Democracy is really Westminster "hyprocacy" (sic). They do not really have any real Democracy there.

Once in every five years for five seconds you put an X after you eat some corned beef and you drink some rum. And after that for the remainder of that next five years minus those five seconds, you cannot say anything again. You become no longer a human being. We do not regard that as democracy. We say that the Revolutionary People's Democracy, that we are practicing right here in Grenada is in fact the highest and purest form of democracy that exists in the world. They have also been concerned and alarmed about the new respect which our country have been receiving; about the principled foreign policy that we have been following. They have, been alarmed and concerned about a number of things which they see developing in our country.


They are concerned by the fact, for example, that with virtually no money at all, with a budget which is one tenth the size of their own budget, we are able to bring so many benefits for our people in health and education. They are frightened by that be cause they are saying that if this can happen in a country with so little money, then our masses are going to begin to ask how come it can't happen also in our own country. If the people of Free Grenada with so little money can now move to make medical attention free of cost, why can't we do it too.

If people in Free Grenada can now move to establish 7 new Dental Clinics after finding only one (1) how come we can't do it too. If the people of Free Grenada after only these few months can reduce the cost of Secondary School fees down to $12 a term, why can't it happen for us too. If 214 Grenadian students can go abroad on University scholarships after 18 months of the revolution how come it can't happen there too.

In other words they see our New Democracy, they see the benefits which the revolution has brought and is bringing. They recognise its potential. They see that what is happening here is not just an experiment, not just a new lifestyle, but a whole new civilisation being born in our country. And this new civilisation is going to have relevance to other people of the Caribbean. That frightens the Uncle Tom and the yardfowls of this region. That is one of the things that we have to recognise about the present situation.


Let me summarise comrades, by repeating very quickly what our position is. First of all, we want to make it very, very clear here today that when we made our response to Tom Adams last statement, we were not drunk. We were not in any election party drinking. We didn't go and bounce any car after we made the statement. When we made that statement we did it in cold blood, and after sober, careful analytical reflection,. We recognise that the language we used, "yardfowl" and "Uncle Tom, and expectant dog barking for supper," might be rough language, But it is the language of the masses.: It is the language the masses understand.

We were not concerned to play games and to "sand dance" with Uncle Tom anymore. We know we could have written a nice note that said "whereas so and so," and then perhaps so and so." We know we could have done that. But we wanted to use language that the masses, not only in our country, but in the Caribbean will understand, so long nose Uncle Tom, dirty mouth Uncle Tom, will get the message once and for all: Leave the people of Grenada alone! Hands off Grenada! Get your dirty mouth out of Grenada's business! Don't poke your long nose in Grenada's business!

Comrades, that message is a message that Uncle Tom has to get loud and clear. And you know something else. Today I want to tell Uncle Tom, that you the people are our judges, the people we recognise, because we don't recognise Uncle Tom. Uncle Tom doesn't belong here. He doesn't even have respect in his own Government and Party. He has to fight for leadership to become leader, in such a way that nearly everybody in his own Party hates him. And nearly all of them today clapping when they hear he is a "yardfowl."

We don't have to recognise and respect that. But today we are facing our jury and our people, our judges, our masses. We see today the Free and Revolutionary Grenada people in their thousands before us. Uncle Tom says he wants an apology. Uncle Tom says he want an explanation. Comrades, when you are in a position of strength, you must always be magnanimous. It is a big word by an important word. Be magnanimous, generous. He wants an explanation let us give him the explanation.


Why did we call Uncle Ton, an Uncle Tom? The answer is to be found in the history of our people. In the old days of slavery comrades they had two kinds of slaves. One was called a House Slave and the other one was called a Field Slave.

The Field Slave used to go outside and cut the sugar-cane, massa used to have to come with a whip to beat him to cut the Sugar-cane. And all day long when he was working all he was thinking about was his freedom. All he was thinking about was his liberation. All he was thinking about was how to plan revolution. In other words the field slaves were the genuine fighters. We the proud, free revolutionary people of Grenada are the descendants of the field slaves.

The other kind of slave was the one you call House Slave. The House Slave was not going outside in the field at all. He only worked inside the house. The House Slave was only sweeping for the whole day. Even when. there was nothing left to sweep, the House Slave was still sweeping. And any time massa was passing, the House Slave showed a set of big teeth, grinning and bending and bowing and scraping. The top of his head would touch the ground as he bowed so deep when massa was passing. And every time he saw he would say "yes massa, please massa, thank you massa. Kick me please massa." When the House Slave saw massa he would run and get a chair and say, "please massa sit down." Then he would run and pick up two fans and fan massa all day and all night, always bawling "Thank you massa, nice massa." That was the House Slave.

And that kind of being, the House Slave, that is the kind that history records as "Uncle Tom." You remember Uncle Tom's Cabin? So I want you to understand that when Ton got his name when he was born it was a scientific name. They called him Uncle Tom because they knew he was an Uncle Tom, House Slave.

Now when you are talking about a yardfowl, well everybody knows a yardfowl. Sit down on your verandah tomorrow morning and peep outside. Watch the yardfowls in the yard. They only run around the yard looking and picking all day for something to eat; picking at the mud, looking for a piece of corn. If you make a mistake and you pass and throw six grains of corn, two yardfowls would jump on each other and try to kill each other to get the grain of corn, A yardfowl would kill his mother for ten cents. A yardfowl would bend and bow and scrape to any extent and any level to get two pieces of corn falling off Massa's table.

That is why Uncle Ton couldn't even wait for the people in America to finish counting their election votes. Uncle Tom takes no chances. He said he wouldn't wait for Reagan to say he is President. Before they in America say he is President I say he is President. I "take in front." And you know that America has this backyard policy of believing that we are in her backyard, and when they spit, we must open our mouths and collect it. And you know we in Grenada say we are not part of anybody's backyard. But what you have to understand today, additionally, is that any time there is a backyard, there must be a yardfowl in it. You can't have a backyard unless you have some yardfowls. So that is the role that this man Adams plays.


We must make a sharp, sharp distinction between Adams and the people of Barbados. We must make a sharp distinction between Adams and Forde and the Government of Barbados, because even that is not untied. We don't accept that Adams is speaking on behalf of the people of Barbados. The people of Barbados in our experience are a people with a Caribbean sense of identity. They have provide several cricketers to the West Indian Cricket Team. When you go to Barbados normally, and you sit down to watch a test match, if somebody like Vivian Richards makes a century, the people of Barbados are not vexed. They clap although he is not a Barbadian, so we don't, accept that the people of Barbados want any war with the people of Grenada. We know that is the responsibility of Uncle Tom the yardfowl, and we make a sharp, sharp distinction between the people of Barbados. We don't accept that that is one and the same thing.

And therefore we are going to do nothing at all in anyway to injure relations with the people of Barbados. We will continue to have close and friendly ties and relations with the people of with Barbados. The one person in Barbados we want nothing to do with is the person called Uncle Tom. That is the only one. Comrades, I want to say too that our policy of non-retaliation will continue. We have no intention of taking any retaliatory steps or blocking any V.I.P. courtesies against any Barbadian Government officials or Ministers coming here. We are not going to stoop to that pettiness. I want to say too that the principled support we have given in the past for Barbados candidates to regional and international organisations that too will continue. Because we see that as affecting the people and not the Government of Barbados.

I want to say too that the People's Revolutionary Government and the Grenada Revolution do not demand any apology from Tom Adams. We are not interested in that. We find that unimportant and petty too. But we believe that he owes at least six apologies to the people of Grenada and to the people of Barbados - three each: three for Barbadians and three for Grenadians. We are not asking for that. We don't want it. But we believe that if he has enough decency and reflects long enough on it, then he might find the moral courage to come out of his backyard and in fact make an apology to the people, for trying to disrupt the smooth flow of relations between our countries and our peoples. and trying in fact to draw Caricom into unnecessary war, and into an unnecessary area if confusion. That is our position.


But we also want to say today, that two nights ago Adams went on Radio and Television in Barbados. There he said that he is thinking of some more things he wants to do. He has some more "options" as he put it. He said that he has some new things that he is going to be doing soon. He was making a set of threats against the Grenada people and the Grenada Revolution. Let us tell Adams we are not frightened by any threat. We are not even losing five seconds sleep over any threats or any manoeuvre or any possibility of action Adams would take.

Adams seems to be judging us again by himself. We didn't have to squirm and dance and lean on daddy's coat tails and pull and tug daddy, to try to take over leadership in this country. We didn't have to go and be cunning and be back stabbing and be treacherous in order to influence our masses. We don't have to go and bow and scrape and look for corn in anybody's backyard. We in Grenada are proud revolutionaries. We will face our future with dignity and [unclear].

People, let them remember that a Grenadian in 1875 Fedon, led a slave insurrection here that paralysed the British colonialists for two years. Let them remember that the Grenadian Son of the Soil Tubal Uriah 'Buzz' Butler brought the Caribbean working class movement into serious prominence and taught them how to fight. Let them remember that T.A. Marryshow is the man today who is called the Father of Federation because of his commitment to a United Caribbean people - a commitment we share. Let them remember that the man today who is regarded as the world's greatest calypsonian, and from time to time shows that in his songs the Mighty Sparrow, he too, is a Grenadian.

Let them remember that the patriots and the martyrs and the heroes of this revolution, those comrades who gave their blood to be used as manure to fertilise our revolution, let them know that we are the children and we are the descendants of Harold Strachan, of Jeremiah Richardson, of Alister Strachan, of Rupert Bishop. We are the descendants, we are children of heroes. The material that we are made of will make puny men like Uncle Tom tremble. So we are not frightened, we are not intimidated by what he says that he can do.

So if Uncle Tom is seriously thinking of maintaining any dreams of overthrowing this revolution, maintaining any dreams of helping people to attack our country, if most amusingly of all, uncle Tom is thinking of himself coming down to our country in a hostile way he will discover that the people of Free Revolutionary Grenada are ready, willing, prepared to fight and to die to defend our revolution.

Yes comrades, our duty then, tonight as we go back home is to understand that the greatest favour we can do ourselves, and the greatest favour we can do the masses of the Caribbean who are depending on us in Grenada, who see us now as the main bulwark in the English Caribbean to fight against reaction - the main service we can do is to make sure our revolution is built even stronger, to develop our revolution even more, to consolidate our forces even more, to work even harder to organise even more; to join the NYO; to join the NWO; to prepare ourselves; to join the militia, to join our community work brigades; to join our parish councils; our education councils; to join any of the mass organisations that are now emerging as part of this new grass root democracy.

The greatest favour we in Grenada can do is to make sure that we continue strong and confident and united in the face of whatever odds they may be.

One year ago on this spot I made the announcement that our Cuban Comrades were giving us eighty-five pieces of equipment in order to build the International Airport.

Today again on this spot in order to have continuity, I want to say that we are now hoping that in fact the first stage of that International Airport with night flights, will be able to open about one year from now, let us hope around the time of Bloody Sunday. We always expected the pressures which were coming. We always knew that imperialism would never give up. We always knew that the yardfowls in the backyards would never give up. We know who our enemies are. We know what they are planning even now. But we have faced these problems in the past. We have faced them then with courage, with dignity, with determination, with spirit of sacrifice. Today we can continue to face whatever odds that come up in the same spirit, and in the same way.


We must work harder. We must fight harder. We must organise more. We must be willing to die to defend our revolution. And for so long as we are alive we must be willing to follow the path that we have set for ourselves, knowing that that path is the only path; knowing that at the end of that road, we are going to come out as a strong, united, vigilant, confident people. A people with benefits. A people with wisdom. A people with dignity. A people with a sense of commitment, and a spirit of understanding of all the problems that face not only us in Grenada but all other oppressed peoples all other oppressed peoples in any part of the world who are fighting for economic liberation, who are fighting for genuine independence; who are fighting to reclaim their resources.

More organisation comrades. More consciousness. More unity. More support for the programmes of the Party. We must move on. We must continue to build this revolution because in building the revolution we knew in that way that we will be doing the best favour to ourselves, and best service to our sisters and brothers in the Caribbean.

Long Live the Grenada Revolution!
Long Live the Free people of Revolutionary Grenada!
Long Live Workers and Farmers of Grenada!
Long Live the Pioneers!
Long Live the Women of Grenada!
Long Live the Youth of Grenada!
Long Live the Brave, Courageous Freedom Fighters of our Country!
An end to Imperialism! An end to Backyardism!
An end to Yardfowlism!
Forward Ever! Backward Never!
Forward Ever! Backward Never!
All power and glory to the working people of our country.

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