The Grenada Revolution Online

United States/Grenada Relations

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From early on the United States [US] was a hovering presence in the life of the New Jewel Movement Party [NJM] and the People's Revolutionary Government [PRG].

The PRG and the United States began their official conflict and embarked upon their misinterpretations of each other from the very first day of the People's Revolutionary Government 13 March 1979. Relations got off to a shaky start and never stabilized.

In addition to the difficulties of the PRG with the American Embassy in Barbados, came along a speech by U.S. President Carter that raised the paranoia level of the PRG a couple in inches and added a smouldering coal to the fire. United States President Jimmy Carter made a television address titled "Measures to Counteract the Presence of a Soviet Combat Brigade in Cuba" right at a time when PRG links with Cuba were growing. Link to the Carter Speech on Monday 1 October 1979.

Bishop jumped right back on this in his speech to the 34th General Assembly of the United Nations, October 10, 1979 when he said, among other expressed concerns:

We view with very grave concern the "cold war" and militaristic steps proclaimed by President Carter in his national address to the people of America on Monday lst October in which he announced the establishment of a permanent full time Caribbean Military Task Force with headquarters in Key West, Florida.

Others put it less diplomatically and accused the US of a "most serious and direct threat against Grenada-and against the entire region, including Cuba and Nicaragua.

Meanwhile, the U.S. State Department staff compiled its Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 1979 with Grenada featured on pages 322-326. The Government Printing Office report was supplied to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, U.S. House of Representatives and also the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate on 4 February 1980.

In 1981 after Ronald Reagan's inauguration as President of the United States on 20 January, Maurice Bishop wrote to the new head of state. His 2-page letter of 26 March 1981, according to Bishop's account, was not acknowledged. Bishop tried again with 12 pages in a letter of 11 August 1981. In this letter Bishop itemized his perceptions of economic destabilization and the training of mercenaries on US soil. Bishop wrote this sentence: Mr. President, it seems to me that the foregoing amounts to a virtual declaration of war by your Government against the Government and People of Grenada.

In this speech, Bishop sums up the International Airport Project in midstream -

Address at the International Airport Site to Commemorate Jeremiah Richardson Day
[Part Two - International Airport Project]

Reagan made two public speeches that explain the point-of-view of U.S. policy towards Grenada -

Speech by President Reagan to the National Association of Manufacturers at the Washington Hilton on March 10, 1983

and

President Reagan Address to the Nation on Defense and National Security March 23, 1983

[so much more to add - check back]

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