The Grenada Revolution Online

Mediagraphy of the Grenada Revolution


In addition to paper-based documentation of the Grenada Revolution as seen in the Bibliography, there are many media products and related items. These include sound recordings (albums, audio cassette tapes, CDs), films (VHS video recording cassettes, projected films, and DVDs), still pictures (slides, photographic prints), and graphics (posters), plus television shows and television show transcripts printed on paper.

Not itemized in this Mediagraphy are many uploads to YouTube, predominated by footage related to "Operation Urgent Fury".

The items in this mediagraphy are difficult to obtain. Few next steps are known on how to obtain any of the media listed below. Not only were the majority of these items rare and limited in number when issued, but the difficulty of obtaining them is compounded by the time that has passed. If you have any information on how to acquire these items, or you have corrections or additions, please click on CONTACT


Recent Film

"Forward Ever" is a recent film directed and produced by Bruce Paddington. The film was shown at the Trinidad Film Festival, 2013, Forward Ever, and is available in 2015 from Grenada Market. "Forward Ever" has been screened in the Caribbean and received with applause.


Sound Recordings - Vinyl Record Albums

1984 - Boots

From ICE records came the hot recording in the Grenada of 1984 by the Mighty Gabby. The title of the song was "Boots" by Anthony Carter. Banned in Barbados, the song depicted the invasion of Bajan troops into St. Lucia; another interpretation refers to the Union Island uprising and Bajan troops. Produced in Barbados by Eddy Grant, the song captured one sense of what was in the air in post-invasion Grenada. A large disk, 45 rpm. An excellent song in its own right by a classic calypsonian.Check it out on YouTube Boots - Gabby

Left, right, left, right, the government boots, the government boots

U.S. forces arm, and alarm, the Spice Islands

Is it necessary to have so much soldiers in this small country?

No,no, no, no

Is it necessary to shine soldiers' boots with taxpayers' money?

Well, don't tell Tommy, he put them in St. Lucy

Unemployment high, and the Treasury low.

And he buying boots to cover soldiers' toe.

I see them boots, boots, boots and more boots

On the feet of the young trigger-happy recruits

Left, right, left, right, the government boots, the government boots

1984 - Grenada: The Untold Story

Compiled by Filipe Sigidi Braudy using speeches by Maurice Bishop, the album was issued in 1984 from Limited Edition Records, Washington, DC; distributed by Inter-American Communication Foundation.

The album's contents includes President Reagan's Press Conference of 25 October 1983, Maurice Bishop speech excerpts and an interview, sounds and segments of the "invasion," comments on the aftermath by Archie Singham and Don Bridgeman, response from the Black Caucus, Ellen Ray and Bill Schaap and ending with an excerpt from Bishop's last address at Hunter College 5 June 1983. The album is a definite best buy; filled with detail and original source material.

(1984) Scorpion: The Plain Truth

Daniel Sealey, known as "The Scorpion" from Belmont, St. George's, Grenada presents his fine and topical song "The Plain Truth." The album is stated to be sponsored by The Maurice Bishop & October 19 Martyrs Foundation. A large disk, it is played at 45 rpm. The song about the tragedy of 19 October 1983 with the gun shot sound effect -

" . . . and they shoot the people down . . ."


Sound Recordings - Audio Cassette Tapes

Note: Audio tapes were made off radio programs, some of which were not commercially available from the broadcasting station.

(1983) - Grenada: Recording the Untold Story - #343

A 30-minute sound cassette produced by the Great Atlantic Radio Conspiracy, WBJCF, Baltimore, Maryland. Primarily an overview and introduction to the making of the album "Grenada: The Untold Story." The producer of "Grenada: The Untold Story," Filipe Sigidi Braudy, was the Music Director at WPFW, a Pacifica radio station in the Washington, DC area.

(1983) - The Invasion of Grenada #397

A 30-minute sound cassette published by the Great Atlantic Radio Conspiracy, WBJCF, Baltimore, Maryland. Asks the questions: "Why did the US invade Grenada and why did the Reagan administration deliberately lie and misinform the public about US actions there?" Multi-voice narratives relate the post-invasion story.

1983 - "Fall of the Revolution"

A 60-minute sound cassette made by Amina Hassan and Don Foster. The tape was issued by Pacifica Radio Archives #SZ0224/1996. Amina Hassan is heard recording on the scene at Mt. Wheldale, 19 October 1983. Then she moves to the Market Place looking up towards the Fort close by. Years later, the noise, panic and booms from both scenes loom large in bringing a sense of the reality of what happened. On Side B, the first part is Radio Free Grenada's morning appeals. The tape ends with filler analysis. Voices heard include Carmen Ashurst, Hudson Austin, Maurice Bishop, Don Bonker, Bernard Coard, George Louison, Vincent Noel, Don Rojas, Malcolm X, Rick Wasserman, among others. An important tape which captures the essence of events.

1983 - [Grenada invasion][news coverage]

A 25-minute sound tape of the audio portion of news coverage, made by CBS-TV, and dated "24 October 1983". Reporters include Sandy Gilmore, Dan Rather, Bill D. Moyers, David Martin, Bob Simon, Lesley, Stahl, Phil Jones. Interviewees include George P. Shultz, Ronald Reagan, Margaret Thatcher, Daniel P. Moynihan and others.

14 January 1984 - Grenada: A 12-hour Marathon program

WBAI-FM, then a Pacific station in New York City, broadcast a 12-hour program on Grenada. About half the hours were filled with fundraising appeals, but interspersed are produced segments about Grenada. The programming includes the voices of Carmen Ashurst, Maurice Bishop, Elombe Brath, Nicholas Brathwaite, Trevor Emmanuel, Leroy Joseph, George Louison, Joachim Mark, the late Samori Marksman, Don Rojas, Archie Singham, Nemo Weltan, Bernard White, among others. In Concord, Grenada, at the Louison home on Christmas Eve 1983, Bernard White interviews the late George Louison - from our current day perspective, an important original voice.

1984 - [Grenada]

A 20-minute tape of Ed Bradley's "Sixty Minutes" feature, on the first anniversary of the U.S. invasion of Grenada. The dialogue concludes that U.S. medical students were not in imminent danger, that the threatening airstrip is nearing completion, that there were no Cuban troops on the island. Heard are the voices of Ronald Reagan, Maurice Bishop, Geoffrey Thompson, Herbert Blaize, Sir Eric Gairy, and Nicholas Braithwaite, then current head of government. Originally broadcast on CBS-TV, Sixty Minutes, October 21, 1984

1991 - Taped Panel Discussion on "Rastafari and the Grenada Revolution Revisited"

A tape made by the Clement Payne Cultural Centre, Bridgetown, Barbados in November 1991. Panelists include Prince Nna Nna (Grenada Rasta Elder), Ras Ikael Tafari (House of Nyahbinghi, Barbados) and Bobby Clarke (President of The Pan-African Movement of Barbados (PAMOB). Chaired by David Commissiong.

1994 - CIA in Grenada

A 60-minute audio cassette tape of Daniel C. Tsang's interview with physician Dr. Jack Kent. The program was aired 11 April 1994 on the KUCI-FM program "Subversity" out of Irvine, California. Kent rants on with the usual cant, making sure to pronounce Chile as 'Chee-lay.' No big secrets revealed here. Kent is interviewed with a 1984 paper in hand issued by "Grenadians for the Truth about October 1983" from Canada. The doctor could have named the 3 CIA infiltrators who were at Mt. Wheldale and Fort Rupert by reading them off the paper - but he does not. Go figure about this nominally important interview.


Combination Video and CD Package

Grenada Retrospective: 20 Years Later

A retrospective package of mixed media which was offered by WBAI as part of its "premium packages" of Fall, 2003. The package included a one-hour video cassette of "The Future Coming Towards Us," plus two CDs with audio clips of Maurice Bishop, other leaders of the Grenada Revolution, President Reagan, Don Rojas, Joachim Mark and Elombe Brath. The "premium package" appears not to be available, but one can always ask. Find the site at WBAI-FM


Film - Projection Reels - Time-Limited Film Footage

Check WPA Film Library for film footage. The usual footage - arrival, armaments, rescue, "Attack on the Americas," and so on; specific interest example described as:

Capture of George Prime. Marine questions captured revolutionary leader, identified as George Prime, at landing zone while civilians look on from a distance.

You can register and search the site without funds; beyond that you are on your own.

1979-1980 - Stand Up Grenada

A film produced by John Douglas and Ellen Ray, issued in 1979-1980. Dessima Williams is the narrator.

1979 - Grenade: Six Mois D'une Revolution

A 16mm film produced by Olivier Landau and Productions 108.

(1980) - Big Revolution, Small Country

A film made circa 1980 by El Instituto Cubano del Arte e Industria Cinematograficos.

1980 - Grenada: In Nobody's Backyard

A film made by Covert Action, Bill Schaap and Ellen Ray, issued in 1980. The film, directed to Ellen Ray, celebrated the first anniversary of the Grenada Revolution of March 13th, 1979. The film was a sixteen mm., 60-minute color documentary of Grenada's First Anniversary and the "plan for destabilization." Interviews were held with Maurice Bishop, Cheddi Jagan, Isabel Letelier, Trevor Munroe and Philip Agee.

1980, 1981, 1982 - Attack on the Americas!

The 25-minute 16mm film "Attack on the Americas!" was listed as copyrighted as of 22 December 1980, and updated in 1982. The film was produced by the American Security Council Foundation of Boston, VA, a private group, for the Coalition for Peace through Strength. It is identified by WPA Film Library as " . . . an American-produced propaganda documentary on the political strife in Central Latin America . . ."

One part shows Maurice Bishop speaking at a rally and also includes newsreel footage from 1980 of Bishop at a rally in Managua.

Paraphrasing from the script of the film:

Maurice Bishop as Prime Minister of Grenada appears in the footage. The film shows a map with a zoom to Grenada accented by a pulsing target, then Maurice Bishop speaking:

"We are now and are going to remain very close friends and allies of our fraternal comrades of the revolutionary government of Cuba."

A narrator over-voice speaks while the film shows "military advisors and troops in Grenada -

"In Grenada, Cuba gives weapons and provides military advisors to the People's Revolutionary Army."

While spanning across a "construction area to Soviet bulldozers," the narration continues -

"Cuban advisors and technicians are working on a new airfield, much larger than the small island's tourist economy will ever require."

While General Wallace H. Nutting, US Southern Commander Central & South America, speaks the words below, the film cuts away to heavy construction equipment

"A member of the Grenadian government in December [supposedly Selwyn Strachan in 1981 - note that the film was first issued in 1980 with a second issue in 1982], acknowledged that Cuban and Soviet aircraft would use that airfield when it was completed, probably sometime in 1983. Indeed, the basic anti-aircraft weapons that the Soviet Union uses are now in position around the airfield on the island of Grenada. If you examine that triangular base complex -- Cuba - Nicaragua - Grenada -- then you see the potential for projecting tactical air power over the entire Caribbean Basin.

Switch back to Maurice Bishop, July 1980 [according to the transcript], stating that

"By 1981, we will be able to speak not just of revolutionary Cuba - not just of revolutionary Nicaragua - but also of revolutionary El Salvador, Revolutionary Guatemala and Honduras!"

1982 - [PM Maurice Bishop's Trip to the Soviet Union]

The film, of which the title is unknown, was shown in November 1982 at the Regal Cinema. It was billed as being about the Prime Minister's 'recent' trip to the Soviet Union from 24 July 1982 - 3 August 1982.

1983 - Taking Off From a Dream

A 30-minute film presented in the U.S. by the Grenada Foundation, Washington, DC concerning the Point Salines International Airport. The film was directed by Rigoberto Lopez and produced in Cuba. Shown is the airport under construction, Prime Minister Maurice Bishop, and footage of the early U.S. landing on morning of 25 October 1983.

1983-1984 - Grenada: The Future Coming Towards Us

The filming was completed shortly before the tragedies of October 1983 in this colorful work produced by the Caribbean Research Institute. John Douglas produced, filmed and edited the full-color work, and was producer along with Carmen Ashurst. Vinie Burroughs is the narrator of this 55-minute film. The film is listed as a documentary on the Grenadian Revolution, traces Grenada’s early history, analyzes the impact of European colonialism and explain the evolution of modern Grenadian society. Much footage of Grenadians - [the executed] Maurice Bishop, Caldwell Taylor, Dessima Williams, Valerie Cornwall, Candia Alleyne, Bernard Coard, Phyllis Coard, [the murdered] Fitzroy Bain, George Nurse, Brian Beggs, Claudette Pitt, [the late] Dorcas Braveboy, among others. See below for VHS and DVD versions.

circa 1984 - Grenada: Return to Freedom

Supposedly this film from the US Information Service was shown to school children. Spurious information and sparse at that.

(1984) - Maurice

The 30-minute film pays tribute to Maurice Bishop. "Maurice" was directed by American Estela Bravo [1933-  ], produced by Glenn Hodgins, edited by Miriam Talavera for Sky Productions; Cinema Guild, produced by the Grenada Foundation, Washington, DC. Footage by cinematographer Judy Irola shows tributes by relatives, Party colleagues, and people of Grenada. Includes "a collection of interview segments in which witnesses describe events surrounding the execution of Prime Minister Maurice Bishop of Grenada and the United States' invasion of Grenada in 1983." Ms. Bravo currently has a DVD available online titled "Fidel: The Untold Story."

1988 - Operation Urgent Fury

A PBS/WGBH Production, Boston, this 58-minute film features Mark Obenhaus, Seymour Hersh, Judy Woodruff, David Steward and David Fanning. Made 4 years after 25 October 1983 when US troops landed, the investigative report questions "whether the invasion was really necessary, whether the American medical students rescued from the island were ever really in danger from the people or leaders of Grenada, and whether all diplomatic means of resolving the Grenada crisis were exhausted before the invasion was ordered."


Film - VHS Video Recording Cassettes

1979-1980 - Stand Up Grenada

A film produced by John Douglas and Ellen Ray, issued in 1979-1980. Dessima Williams is the narrator.

1983 - Grenada: Portrait of a Revolution/KOED Television Productions

By Joanne Kelley (sic) and Skip Sweeney, a 28-minute videocassette, in color, published by Cinewest of San Diego in 1983. Covers the NJM 1979 takeover, social problems, the economy, tourism, Cuban influence and elections by way of interviews with Grenadian citizens.

1983-1984 - Grenada (Carriacou, Petite Martinique): The Future Coming Towards Us

Also issued on DVD, the filming was completed shortly before the tragedies of October 1983 but starting at the time of the death of Scotilda Noel; produced by the Caribbean Research Institute. John Douglas produced, filmed and edited this full-color work, and was producer/director along with Carmen Ashurst and the late Samori Marksman. Vinie Burroughs is the narrator of this 55-minute video. Listed as a documentary on the Grenadian revolution, the video traces Grenada’s early history, analyzes the impact of European colonialism and explain the evolution of modern Grenadian society. Much footage of Grenadians - Maurice Bishop, Caldwell Taylor, Dessima Williams, Valerie Cornwall, Candia Alleyne, Bernard Coard, Phyllis Coard, Fitzroy Bain, George Nurse, Brian Beggs, Claudette Pitts and the late Dorcas Braveboy.

1983 - The Gaylord Tapes

Filmed in Grenada by a private US citizen with his home video camera on 25 October 1983, Gaylord managed to film on two tapes 120-minutes of footage. He shot video of Rangers as they jumped on Point Salines. The tapes were not made available commercially.

(1984) - Maurice

Also issued on a 30-minute videocassette, the film pays tribute to Maurice Bishop. "Maurice" was directed by by Estela Bravo, produced by Glenn Hodgins, edited by Miriam Talavera for Sky Productions; Cinema Guild, produced by the Grenada Foundation, Washington, DC. Footage by cinematographer Judy Irola shows tributes by relatives, Party colleagues, and people of Grenada. Includes "a collection of interview segments in which witnesses describe events surrounding the execution of Prime Minister Maurice Bishop of Grenada and the United States' invasion of Grenada in 1983."

(circa 1984) - Return to Freedom

[additional information needed] Evidently a US-produced videotape that includes an interview with the president of Grenada's Chamber of Commerce, Charles McIntyre.

1986 - Heartbreak Ridge

Though this film may hint at the real military operation, it Hollywoods a story of a Marine nearing retirement who leads US forces during the landing of troops on Grenada. The director of this 130-minute video is Clint Eastwood.

1988 - Operation Urgent Fury

Also on videocassette, this 58-minute video is a PBS/WGBH Production, ©1988, Boston, from the television program "Frontline." It features Mark Obenhaus, Seymour Hersh, Judy Woodruff, David Steward and David Fanning. Made 4 years after 25 October 1983 when US troops landed, the investigative report questions "whether the invasion was really necessary, whether the American medical students rescued from the island were ever really in danger from the people or leaders of Grenada, and whether all diplomatic means of resolving the Grenada crisis were exhausted before the invasion was ordered."

1989 - Dateline--1983, Grenada

ABC News produced this 23-minute videocassette. ©1989 for its television broadcast; published by MTI Film & Video of Northbrook, Illinois. The program, called "The Eagle and the Bear," discusses Eric Gairy, his overthrow and "the development of Grenada for Communist aggression." The distribution is carried by A&E Television.

1991 - Grenada Revisited: Lessons for Today

Part of the series "America's Defence Monitor," this 29-minute color video was produced by Sanford Gottlieb, Center for Defense Information in Washington, DC, and distributed by the Video Project of Oakland, California in 1991. The other name connected with this project are Admiral Gene Robert La Rocque. The video is described as "A look at Grenada seven years after the U.S. invasion." As of a 2007 check, this video may be rented at American Friends Service Committee. Click on Video Lending Library.

1991 - President Reagan

A 60-minute video, in color with black & white sequences, which includes the "intervention in Grenada." A part of the "We the People: the President and the Constitution" series of the Trust for the Bicentennial of the United States Constitution, President Reagan is interviewed by Hugh Sidey. Produced by he Bicentennial Commission in collaboration with the Trust for the Bicentennial of the United States Constitution and Anthony Potter Productions: [distributed by] PBS in 1991.

1994, 1995 - American Warriors: Wars - Grenada

From Q.V. Publishers. An Amazon reviewer put it succinctly: "The first one third of the short film is filled with senseless old WWII history, essentially filler to make up for the lack of Grenada footage. Not worth the purchase. Very poorly put together."


Film - DVD

1983-1984 - Grenada (Carriacou, Petite Martinique): The Future Coming Towards Us

Also issued on videocassette, the filming was completed shortly before the tragedies of October 1983; produced by the Caribbean Research Institute. John Douglas produced, filmed and edited this full-color work, and was producer/director along with Carmen Ashurst and the late Samori Marksman. Vinie Burroughs is the narrator of this 55-minute video. Listed as a documentary on the Grenadian revolution, the video traces Grenada’s early history, analyzes the impact of European colonialism and explain the evolution of modern Grenadian society. Much footage of Grenadians - Maurice Bishop, Caldwell Taylor, Dessima Williams, Valerie Cornwall, Candia Alleyne, Bernard Coard, Phyllis Coard, Fitzroy Bain, George Nurse, Brian Beggs, Claudette Pitts and the late Dorcas Braveboy. The film is available in DVD through The Cinema Guild, 130 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016-7038, Phone: (212)685-6242, Toll-free: 800-723-5522, Fax: (212)685-4717, Email: info@cinemaguild.com, URL: The Cinema Guild. Look for "Grenada: The Future Coming Towards Us"


Still Pictures - Photographs

1970-1979 - Maurice Bishop Portrait Collection

One photograph 13 x 9 cm by Charles Countee is a half-length portrait of the late Prime Minister Maurice Bishop, standing in front of microphones. The collection is at the New York Public Library Reserve Library.

1971-1978? - Eric Gairy Portrait Collection

A collection of black & white portrait and group photographs taken at the United Nations by photographers D. Neill; Saw Lwin; T. Tzovaras of the late Prime Minister of Grenada, Eric Gairy. Includes "two, half-length portraits of Gairy at UN press conferences; in a group portrait with Secretary-General U Thant and A. Williams, Attorney General of Grenada; speaking with Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim." The collection is at the New York Public Library Reserve Library.


Still Pictures - Slides

1982, 1984 - Grenada: "Revo" in the Caribbean

These slides were put together with a printed narrative by the Resource Center of Albuquerque, New Mexico. They were first issued in 1982, with additional slides added in 1984. There were 86 slides in color, plus 1 script and 1 sound cassette. The original source, the Resource Center, is no longer functioning. As of a 2007 check, this video may be rented at American Friends Service Committee. Click on Video Lending Library.

(1983) - Grenada Invasion

These slides were made part of the U.S. Army, 44th Military History Detachment Slide Collection.


Graphics - Posters

Maurice Bishop and Admirer

A poster of a photograph of Maurice Bishop with an old woman in a straw hat gesturing up to Bishop's face. The photographer's identity is unknown. Some suspect the photograph has been doctored with the elder and her gesture cut out and pasted on another photograph. The photograph was reproduced as a poster by the Grenada Solidarity Committee of Roxbury Crossing, Massachusetts. It features a quote in red ink by Maurice Bishop down the left side of the picture. Most likely the poster was produced at The Red Book Store Cooperative of Cambridge, Massachusetts, no longer active. The quotation is from Bishop's speech 13 March 1980 at a Queen's Park Rally - "Forward Ever! Against Imperialism and Towards Genuine National Independence and People's Power."


Television Broadcasts

27 February 1980 - [NBC Television Interview with Eric M. Gairy]

In a document written by Eric M. Gairy from San Diego, CA on 16 March 1980, he states:

15. The Grenada regime is spending heavily on false propaganda through bulletins, posters and circular letters with lots of lies. On the other hand, I am being given unfair deals with the media. To mention one: On Wednesday, February 27 [1980], a four-man team representing NBC came, by previous arrangements, to interview me for a television program. It was a ninety-minute interview, so I presented the Grenada case as best as I could answered all the questions asked, and they seemed to have left quite satisfied. Much to my great disappointment and that of the people who know the true situation in Grenada and saw the program, for our of a ninety-minute interview they put out about 2 ½ minutes only with my making two expressions, one of which was to make me look ridiculous, because it was pulled out of contest. I can only assume that the Grenada communist regime must have requested and paid for that interview.

3 March 1980 - [CBS Television Interview with Maurice Bishop]

16 March 1980 - [NBC Television Interview with Eric Gairy]

May 1981 - CBS-NY Television Program - Prisoner in a Police State

Dave Marash reported on Grenada by way of a CBS-News New York affiliate station in a three-part series which began 11 May 1981. The journalist had been in Grenada for the Airport Rally the end of March 1981. While in Grenada, Marash was detained for two to three hours.

The station carrying the broadcast, WCBS, Channel 2, was available locally in the New York City area and based in Fort Lee, New Jersey. The PRG spoke often about this program which aired after Marash returned to the United States. The program was broadcast at the peak television viewing hours: 6 p.m. and 11 p.m. The central focus in the report was about detainee Antonio Clement Langdon. The program, preceded by extensive advertisement, also reported on allegations of torture, Marash's story of what happened when he was detained, the closing of "The Torchlight," and Grenada as a one-party state. among other topics.

The Political Bureau's decision was that Kendrick Radix go to New York City on 14 May 1981, primarily taking along a video with clips from the Airport rally [with Dave Marash] and other U.S. journalists along with "political lines."

It is confusing in retrospect whether there were three or even five programs in the series, how often they were repeated, and if they all concerned Grenada. Marash, who later produced reports on ABC television's program Nightline, told this web administrator that he does not know how to obtain a video or transcript of this program.

In 2008 Marash left a position as anchor of Al-Jazeera Television, a 24-hour English-language network, out of Washington, DC. Independent searches for a transcript or video copy of the Grenada broadcast have been fruitless. Please CONTACT the web administrator if you have any information.

January 1982 - Public Broadcasting Service [PBS] Documentary

A 1/2 hour documentary produced by Joanne Kelly (sic) and Skip Sweeney. Most likely titled "Grenada: Portrait of a Revolution" and listed above as 1983 - Grenada: Portrait of a Revolution/KOED Television Productions under Film - VHS Video Recording Cassettes . Unknown how to obtain a video or transcript of this specific program.

29 September 1982 - NBC-News

Brian Ross and "The Cuban Connection"

25 March 1983 - ABCNews-Nightline

A short interview with Maurice Bishop following President Reagan's speech of Wednesday, 23 March 1983, about the international airport, including satellite photos. In addition to Prime Minister Bishop, Undersecretary of Defense Fred Ikle talks on the matter and responds to the Bishop interview.

1983 - [Grenada invasion]  [news coverage]

A 25-minute television program on CBS-TV, and dated "24 October 1983". Reporters include Sandy Gilmore, Dan Rather, Bill D. Moyers, David Martin, Bob Simon, Lesley, Stahl, Phil Jones. Interviewees include George P. Shultz, Ronald Reagan, Margaret Thatcher, Daniel P. Moynihan and others

1983 - The Today Show [Bryant Gumbel]

A 26 October 1983 interview: Bryant Gumbel of The Today Show with Secretary of Defense Caspar D. Weinberger following a news report by Andrea Mitchell.

1983, November 7, NBC Evening News

Video cassette Reagan/Grenada Invasion Aftermath with Tom Brokaw, Chris Wallace, Dennis Murphy and others. Includes coverage of President Reagan at reception of U.S. medical students, mass grave reports, Linda Flohr, Ron Dellums, Tom Foley, Dick Cheney et al. Available on loan only from the Television News Archive of Vanderbilt University. Check http://openweb.tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/1983-11/1983-11-07-NBC-5.html. For other holdings truncate the URL only to http://openweb.tvnews.vanderbilt.edu.

1984 - [Grenada] - Originally broadcast on CBS-TV, Sixty Minutes, October 21, 1984

A 20-minute section of Ed Bradley's "Sixty Minutes" television feature, on the first anniversary of the U.S. invasion of Grenada. The dialogue concludes that U.S. medical students were not in imminent danger, that the threatening airstrip is nearing completion, that there were no Cuban troops on the island. Heard are the voices of Ronald Reagan, Maurice Bishop, Geoffrey Thompson, Herbert Blaize, Sir Eric Gairy, and Nicholas Braithwaite, then current head of government.

1988 - Operation Urgent Fury

A PBS/WGBH Production, ©1988, Boston, from the television program "Frontline," features Mark Obenhaus, Seymour Hersh, Judy Woodruff, David Steward and David Fanning. Made 4 years after 25 October 1983 when US troops landed, the investigative report questions "whether the invasion was really necessary, whether the American medical students rescued from the island were ever really in danger from the people or leaders of Grenada, and whether all diplomatic means of resolving the Grenada crisis were exhausted before the invasion was ordered." A well researched program which may be obtainable from WGBH.

1989 - Dateline--1983, Grenada [The Eagle and the Bear]

ABC News produced this 23-minute television broadcast of the program called "The Eagle and the Bear," which discusses Eric Gairy, his overthrow and "the development of Grenada for Communist aggression." The distribution is carried by A&E Television.

1999 - Interview with Bernard Coard, Ewart Layne, Leon Cornwall and Selwyn Strachan

Broadcast on Grenada Broadcasting Network (GBN) television (plus Klassic Radio broadcast) with an interview led by Leslie Pierre of the "Grenadian Voice." Other interviewers include Leonard Ganz of the Trinidad Express and Troy Garvey of GBN. These three set up at Richmond Hill Prison to interview some members of the group of prisoners, often called the "Grenada 17." Those prisoners who spoke at length were Bernard Coard, Ewart Layne, Leon Cornwall and Selwyn Strachan.

(May 2000) - Navy Seals: Untold Stories - Grenada

An abominable re-enactment of Navy Seals at Government House with actors playing Paul Scoon, his wife and the SEALS, plus a side story of Navy Seals who drowned after a helicopter drop. The program was produced by The Learning Channel (TLC) with New Dominion Pictures of Virginia. Other programs, in the "Navy Seals: Untold Stories" series include spotlights on Panama and Somalia.

The narrator of the Grenada program is Benjamin Mudge who insists on pronouncing the Spice Isle as if it was a city in Spain. The events of this one-hour television program are skewered, but the producers make sure they are covered with a statement that events could be altered, names changed.

Grenada, we are told, is part of the Commonwealth of Britain - so much for Grenada's 1974 Independence. The Scoons are in their house alone in the program, an insult to the loyal Scoon staff. The writers have Hudson Austin giving the order to execute outside the grounds, it appears, of Government House with the voice-over talking about Bishop's demise while viewers see bodies fall. Hudson Austin is definitely the evil guy in consultation with his "Cuban advisor." An APC pulls up outside Government House with a 30-calibre machine gun mounted on top and the SEALS inside Government House are running low on ammo. High drama with the Navy Seals.

The program is shown on cable television, and usually is the viewing audience's only introduction to Grenada of 1983. The Executive Producer is Tom Naughton. The Director is Joe Wiecha. The story is by Steven Ross, US Navy [retired] consultant, plus Tom Naughton and Clinton Jay High Jr. Every time it gets shown, people are urged to contact The Learning Channel and New Dominion Films to give their response.


Television Broadcasts - Transcripts

25 March 1983 - ABC News-Nightline - Transcript #490

A short interview with Maurice Bishop following President Reagan's speech of Wednesday, 23 March 1983, about the international airport, including satellite photos. In addition to Prime Minister Bishop, Undersecretary of Defense Fred Ikle talks on the matter and responds to the Bishop interview.

Prime Minister Maurice Bishop says, in part:

. . . there is not one single cent of Soviet assistance going into the airport, nor indeed even technical assistance going into the airport from the Soviets. As far as the Cubans are concerned, that is absolutely correct. There are several hundred Cuban workers, construction workers, helping to guild the airport. They have also assisted in the area of cement and some steel, and that kind of assistance. But the airport has in fact received assistance in several forms from many, many countries around the world.

20 October 1983 - The MacNeil/Lehrer News Hour - Trouble in Grenada - Transcript #2104

News of executions; interview with Professor Robert Pastor - National Security Council, Carter Administration.

25 October 1983 - ABC News Nightline - Grenada Invasion - Transcript #642

Guests Edward Seaga, Prime Minister of Jamaica; Kenneth Dam, US Deputy Secretary of State; Eugenia Charles, Prime Minister of Dominica; Seymour Weiss, US Foreign Policy Analyst, Sally Shelton, former US Ambassador to Grenada; Senator Paul Tsongas, Democrat, Massachusetts, Foreign Relations Committee; Dr. Charles Modica, Chancellor, St. George's University and Admiral Bobby Inman, former CIA Deputy Director and others.

25 October 1983 - The MacNeil/Lehrer News Hour - Grenada Invasion - Transcript #2107

Guests Lawrence Eagleburger, US Undersecretary of State; Eugenia Charles, Prime Minister of Dominica; Richard Feinberg, former US State Department Policy Planning Staff, Charles Modica, Chancellor, St. George's Medical School, and others.

26 October 1983 - Castro's press conference about Grenada, Havana Television, October 26, 1983

The transcript of this program was captured by the Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) of Washington, DC.

26 October 1983 - ABC News Nightline - Grenada: Student Evacuated - Press Restrictions - the Invisible War - Transcript #643

Guests Jeff Geller, Roxanna Mehran and Phillip Underwood, students at St. George's Medical School; Ian Jacobs, Grenada Deputy Ambassador to the U.S.; Henry Catto, former Pentagon spokesman; Howard Simons, Managing Editor, The "Washington Post"; Jody Powell, ABC News and others.

26 October 1983 - The MacNeil/Lehrer News Hour - Grenada Debate - Transcript #2108

Guests Senator Paul Tsongas, Democrat, Massachusetts; Senator Richard Lugar, Republican, Indiana; Ray Cline, Georgetown University; Richard Barnet, Institute for Policy Studies and Stephen Piccard, Student, St. George's Medical School; Ian Jacobs, alternative representative of Grenada to the OAS and others.

27 October 1983 - ABC News Nightline - Grenada Invasion: "Just in Time"? - Transcript #644

Guests Ricardo Alarcon, Cuban Deputy Foreign Minister; Joe Adamov, Radio Moscow Commentator; George Will, ABC News Analyst; Lawrence Eagleburger, Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs; Ed Cody, Washington Post; Richard Threlkeld, ABC News and others.

27 October 1983 - The MacNeil/Lehrer News Hour - Grenada Aftermath - Transcript #2109

Guests include Charles Modica, Chancellor of St. George's School of Medicine; Kenneth Dam, Deputy Secretary of State; Caldwell Taylor, Grenada Ambassador to the U.N.; John Compton, Prime Minister of St. Lucia; Nicholas Alexander and David Frank, St. George's Medical School Students; Francis Paul, Grenada Democratic Movement and others.

28 October 1983 - ABC News Nightline - Grenada: Political Criticism, Public Support - Transcript #645

Guests include Senator Gary Hart, Democrat, Armed Services Committee; Representative Ted Weiss, Democrat, House Foreign Affairs Committee; Dr. Donagh McDonald, Minister of Parliament (London)' William Hyland, former National Security Council (NSC) member; Tad Szulc, Foreign Policy Analyst; commentary by Paul Harvey, ABC Radio and others

28 October 1983 - The MacNeil/Lehrer News Hour - Grenada Aftermath - Transcript #2110

Guests include Langhorne Motley, Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs; William Leogrande, American University; William D. Rogers, former Asst. Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs and others.

31 October 1983 - ABC News Nightline - Grenada: Secret Documents - Transcript #646

Guests include Don Rojas, former Maurice Bishop Press Secretary (interviewed in Barbados), Senator Jake Garn, Republican, Select Intelligence Committee and others.

31 October 1983 - The MacNeil/Lehrer News Hour - Grenada - Transcript #2111

Guests include Don Rojas, Bishop Press Secretary (interviewed in Barbados); Kenneth Dam, Deputy Secretary of State and others.

1 November 1983 - ABC News Nightline - Caribbean: Soviet-Cuban Expulsion - Transcript #647

Guests include Richard Burt, Assistant Secretary of State; Ricardo Alarcon, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, and others. This was the broadcast where correspondent Mark Potter made the following report from Carriacou:

[voice-over]: "This is Carriacou, a sleepy Grenadian island that until today was untouched by the military activity just 20 miles away in Grenada itself. Carriacou seems to be a tropical paradise, with only 2,000 residents and gorgeous mountains surrounded by crystal-clear water. But now it's under the control of the 82nd Airborne Division, which flew in today after 300 Marines invaded the island on a tip from intelligence sources it was a Cuban stronghold fortified with antiaircraft guns. After a six-hour operation, though, the Marines found no such guns nor any Cubans. They did capture 17 Grenadians and say they seized 700 rifles, 150 cases of ammunition and 17 cases of TNT."

1 November 1983 - The MacNeil/Lehrer News Hour - Grenada - Transcript #2112

On the MacNeil/Lehrer Hews Hour, Jim Lehrer reported on Carriacou:

"There was another U.S. invasion today, but nothing like the one last Tuesday. This time it was only 300 U.S. Marines who went ashore by helicopter and from amphibious landing craft. They stormed the tiny island of Carriacou some 20 miles north of Grenada. The Pentagon said the Marines were sent there to follow up a report that Cubans were on the island, but none were found, only 17 members of the Grenadian army, who were captured without a fight. Friendly civilians then led the Marines to an arms warehouse which contained 700 rifles, 38 AK-47 automatic rifles, 150 cases of ammunition, 12 cases of TNT, some radio equipment, two jeeps and a truck."

7 November 1983 - The MacNeil/Lehrer News Hour - Grenadians on the Invasion - Transcript #2116

Guests include President Ronald Reagan; Jean Noel, St. George's Medical School Student; Alister Hughes, Grenadian journalist; Geoffrey Thompson, Grenadian businessman; Maurice Bishop [footage]; Sylvia Bellmar, Bishop supporter.

9 November 1983 - ABC News Nightline - Riding High: America's Military After Grenada - Transcript #653

Guests include General Alexander Haig, former Secretary of State; Eric Severeid, CBS News Consultant; Lt. Col. Ralph Hagler Jr., Ranger Battalion Commander, correspondent Jed Duvall (in Grenada) and others.

10 November 1983 - The MacNeil/Lehrer News Hour - Cuba's View - Transcript #2119

Correspondent June Massell, reporting from Havana with footage from Fidel Castro, President of Cuba; Beatriz Munoz, translator on Grenada; Vilma Espin, Central Committee of the Communist Party (of Cuba); Ricardo Alarcon, Vice Foreign Minister of Cuba and others.

21 October 1984 - 60 Minutes - Grenada: One Year Later - Volume XVII, Number 6

Produced by Steve Glauber, Ed Bradley is the correspondent in this segment with spot narrations from President Ronald Reagan; Prime Minister Maurice Bishop, Jeffrey Thompson, Nicholas Braithwaite, Dorothy Maitland, Kendrick Radix, Cheryl Fletcher, Herbert Blaize, and Sir Eric Gairy.

2 February 1988 - WGBH (Television station - Boston, Mass.) - Operation Urgent Fury - Frontline Transcript #602

Transcript of the PBS television series Frontline on the American invasion of Grenada, hosted by Judy Woodruff and reported by Seymour Hersh.

Cameos of personalities include former President Ronald Reagan, former Ambassador to the Eastern Caribbean Sally Shelton-Colby, former Assistant Secretary of State, Inter-American Affairs Langhorne Motley, former Senior Deputy State Department Bureau of Intelligence and Research Francis McNeil, former Prime Minister of Grenada Maurice Bishop, former Deputy Prime Minister of Grenada Bernard Coard, former General of the Peoples Revolutionary Army Hudson Austin, Grenada's former ambassador to the Organization of American States Dessima Williams, Chancellor of St. George's Medical School of Grenada Charles Modica, Vice-Chancellor of St. George's Medical School of Grenada Geoffrey Bourne, former White House official Peter Bourne, former National Security Council press officer Leslie Jenka, former Senator Sam Nunn, Military Reform Institute President William Lind, former 82nd Airborne Division paratrooper Scott Custer, Deputy Task Force Commander Norman Schwarzkopf, publisher of The Armed Forces Journal Ben Schemmer. The medical students interviewed are Tony Manoukian, Mark Clemence, Joseph Panicali, Lucy Painter.

The abstract for this transcript describes the program:

Pulitzer Prize-winning reporter Seymour Hersh investigates one of Ronald Reagan's greatest triumphs--the rescue of American students during the 1983 invasion of Grenada. Hersh's reporting reveals an inept U.S. military operation and severely questions whether the students needed rescuing at all.


NOTE: Newsreel footage is available on a fee-based contract.
One site is WPA Film Library - Search on Grenada.

Check out The Freedom Library for audio and visual materials - Search on Grenada West Indies.

Many U.S. major television network news broadcast are available on loan only from the Television News Archive of Vanderbilt University. Check out the Television News Archive for a list of holdings and rental instructions.


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