The Grenada Revolution Online


Telex - United States Rehearses Invasion to Grenada
by Jorge Luna, Prensa Latina

RCA AUGUST 12th [1981]

United States Rehearses Invasion to Grenada

United States is considering to carry out a direct military invasion by air and sea against the Caribbean island of Grenada to install there a pro-U.S. regime according to a plan rehearsed this weekend in the Puerto Rican Island Vieques.

The sham battle, which identified the objective as 'Amber and the Amberines', easily comparable with Grenada and the Carriacou and Petit Martinique islands under its sovereignty, includes a command attack of 300 paratroopers, followed by a landing of 'Marines' in amphibian units and its later relief by a contingent of the regular U.S. Army.

Inserted within the biggest military manoeuvres carried out after Second World War, 'Ocean Venture '81' - under the U.S. administration which has given more resources to military/industrial complex - has very specific objectives in its Caribbean phase.

It's not only a matter of the traditional military manoeuvres, they are seeking, as was recognized by Rear-Admiral Robert P. McKenzie, commander of the contingent forces of the region, the way to demonstrate the military capacity of the United States to act in the Caribbean.

After underlining that the Caribbean constitutes a vital zone for the U.S. sea routes, McKenzie informed that the 'Amber' invasion took place after the failed negotiations and after the pretended kidnapping of 30 U.S. hostages in that false island.

After liberating the hostages and militarily dominating the Caribbean island, according to the Rear-Admiral, the U.S. Commands would install a regime favourable to Washington and opposed to the government which allowed the supposed crisis of the hostages.

After the seizure of power? [sic] will come the elections, but the U.S. troops would stay there until the polls take place, he added.

These provocating manoeuvres, estimated the Caribbean analysts, had however, its origin in Washington 29 months ago, when Prime Minister, Maurice Bishop, overthrew the repressive and pro-U.S. regime of Eric Gairy.

In the first three weeks of the March 13th 1979 Revolution United States considered, according to a later public confession, the application of a naval blockade against the young revolution. The James Carter Administration, however, decided to eliminate that idea at the last moment with the hope of destabilising the government of the New Jewel Party by other means.

The Grenadian political process, which has been plagued with propagandistic, economic, diplomatic and even terrorist aggressions, has been able to overcome these difficulties.

However, two military actions can be considered as the direct precedents of the present manoeuvres of the 'Amber' invasion. In June of 1980, when Bishop's government was only 15 months old, local terrorists with declared links abroad, blew up a powerful artifact under the platform where the leaders of the Grenadian Revolution were seated during a mass meeting.

The attempt, practically issued to the world by U.S. diplomats from the nearby island of Barbados. contributed to the worsening of the U.S. Grenadian relations.

But not yet happy with these activities, which were always frustrated due to the immense popular support of the Grenadian process, they planned the mercenary invasion against that Caribbean island on last April [1981].

The Plan - properly discovered af[ter] the arrest of 10 U.S. and Canadian racists who belonged to the Klu [sic] Klux Klan and other neo-Nazi organizations also from those countries, included the seizure of power of the island of Dominica (in which would participate the overthrown dictator, Patrick John) to later use that country as a 'springboard' against Grenada.

These terrorists also confessed that they were backed by affluent financial figures from the United States and Canada, including a Southern legislator.

But, since everything has failed, it seems as if Washington which for the last three years, has tried everything but the direct invasion - even after blockading the international credits for the development of Grenada - now wants to frighten Grenada.

The United States, one of the biggest countries of the world, is practicing in Vieques what they wish to do in Grenada - one of the smallest nations of the world - that is why they have prepared the detailed Plan of a direct military invasion against 'Amber'. In last week's sham battle, battalion No. 95 of the 'Rangers' air transported to 'Amber' 350 paratroopers from a base in California without stops, covering more or less the same distance needed to attack Grenada. This time they were backed by 14 U.S. war ships, two British ones and one from Holland - the three countries which still have colonial possessions in the Caribbean.

The political intention of 'Ocean Venture' cannot be more obvious. In the rehearsals in Vieques, it is supposed that 'Amber' is supported by 'Orange' (Cuba), which at the same time is supported by 'Red' (the Soviet Union).

Rear-Admiral McKenzie accused 'Amber' of 'exporting terrorist activities to the neighbouring islands'.

The false island of 'Amber' has two thousand defenders, a number that according to certain U.S. unidentified newspapers - but quoted by the U.S. press agencies - is the same as the number of Grenadian fighters.

So that there are many similarities.

And the answer of Ronald Reagan and his military ................... seem to surpass, with this enormous military display, all the best of their 'dirty tricks', used until now against Grenada.

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