Contents
"Report of the Duffus Commission of Inquiry into the Breakdown of Law & Order, and Police Brutality in Grenada."

Arising out of violent incidents in Grenada, the "Duffus Report," as it is known in a short-hand manner, is a work compiled by many people, working endless hours. The Chairman was Herbert Duffus, KT, with leading members H. Aubrey Fraser and Archbishop Samuel Carter. Its official title, signed off by the authors 27 February 1975, is "Report of the Duffus Commission of Inquiry into the Breakdown of Law and Order, and Police Brutality in Grenada." The final result, rather than being a boring governmental document, is an exciting historical narrative that is propelled by its own reportage and investigation and quotations.

WEBMASTER NOTES:

The main body of the report, as printed for public consumption, consists of 235 pages. One can ascertain there are Appendices, and volumes of transcriptions, hopefully maintained by the Government of Grenada and/or in Commonwealth archives. Details of dates are included in the first Introduction, as below.

When the Report was first made public on 7 Februry 1975, it was only to invited persons connected with Government. The Duffus Report was signed off by the Commissioners on 27 February 1975. According to Hughes,

"Local reaction to the Duffus Report has been limited by the fact that until March 13 [1975] no copies were available to the general public. Government has no copies for sale, however, a local newspaper offered copies of the Report at EC$5.00 per copy and there was a heavy demand."

Copies are currently limited within the US; to be found at Princeton University and the University of Florida at Gainesville. Thus, an attempt is made to transcribe the original Grenada Duffus Report to this site for all to read. The paragraph structure has often been broken up becuase extremely lengthy passages of text, difficulty to read online.

Formatting in relation to the Contents Page is adapted for ease of use within this site. Formatting in relation to indentations and line spacing is often different as a result of site and space limitations. Spellings generally remain the same. Capitalizations remain the same. Minimal punctuation is added, changed where needed or made concurrent with standard style. Comments in brackets [ ] are placed by the Webmaster for clarification. The notation [sic] means the word before is as it is in the text.

The Grenada Duffus Report is to be distinguished from other excellent work of Jamaican Herbert Duffus who died 30 October 2002. For Jamaica, he wrote differing reports relating to elections and correctional institutions also titled in shorthand as Duffus reports.

The Grenada Duffus Report is deadly serious, so too the testimonies and witnesses. But watch from time to time for the droll humor of things - it's a notorious fact!

Introduction

Paragraphs 1 thru 2 - Setting-up of the Commission of Enquiry and related matters
Paragraphs 3 thru 5 - Setting-up of the Commission of Enquiry and related matters
Paragraphs 6 thru 13 - Setting-up of the Commission of Enquiry and related matters

Part I

Paragraph 14 The Incidents of Infringements of Constitutional Rights

The Complaints of:-

Paragraph 15 - I. Alister Hughes
Paragraph 16 - II. Leonard Greenidge
Paragraph 17 - III. Kenrick Milne
Paragraph 18 - IV. Norbert St. Bernard
Paragraph 19 - V. Septimus Pierre and Simon Charles
Paragraph 20 - VI. Joseph Grainger, Eric Campbell and Eslyn Christopher
Paragraphs 20 thru 24 - VI. Joseph Grainger, Eric Campbell and Eslyn Christopher [continued]
Paragraphs 25 thru 26 - VII. Albert Rennie
Paragraph 27 - VIII. Harold and Magdeline St. Louis
Paragraph 28 - IX. Guy Osmond Archibald
Paragraph 29 - X. Allan Bierzynski
Paragraph 30 - XI. Clarence Ferguson and His Family
Paragraph 31 - XII. Norbert St. Bernard

Part II

Summary of Incidents on the 18th November 1973

Paragraphs 32 thru 33 - Introductory
Paragraph 34 - The Invitation to Maurice Bishop and the reaction by Inspector Innocent Belmar
Paragraphs 35 thru 37 - Summary of the Events, as they happened, in brief chronological sequence
Paragraphs 38 thru 42 - The Proceedings before the Magistrate's Court and the Supreme Court
Paragraph 43 - The conduct of Inspector Innocent Belmar

Part III

The Royal Grenada Police Force and the Recruitment and Function of Police Aides

Paragraph 44 - Introductory
Paragraphs 45 thru 47 - Critical Examination of the Police Ordinance 1966 (Part A)
Paragraphs 48 thru 50 - Critical Examination of the Police Ordinance 1966 (Part B)
Paragraphs 51 thru 52 - "Black Power in Grenada" - The Premier's broadcast, May 3, 1970
Paragraphs 53 thru 54 - The Setting-up of the Police Aides - Their Recruitment, Qualifications etc. -
Evidence of Leslie Michael Seon
Paragraph 55 - The Setting-up of the Police Aides - Their Recruitment, Qualifications etc. -
Evidence of Leonard Greenidge
Paragraphs 56 thru 57 - The Setting-up of the Police Aides - Their Recruitment, Qualifications etc. -
Evidence of Eric Matthew Gairy [Part A]
Paragraphs 58 thru 59 - The Setting-up of the Police Aides - Their Recruitment, Qualifications etc. -
Evidence of Eric Matthew Gairy [Part B]
Paragraphs 60 thru 62 - The Setting-up of the Police Aides - Their Recruitment, Qualifications etc. -
Evidence of Nugent David
Paragraph 63 - The Setting-up of the Police Aides - Their Recruitment, Qualifications etc. -
Evidence of Cosmos Nurse
Paragraph 64 - The Setting-up of the Police Aides - Their Recruitment, Qualifications etc. -
Evidence of Osbert James
Paragraphs 65 thru 66 - The numerical strength of the Police Force and other related bodies
Paragraph 67 - The "Mongoose Gang"
Paragraphs 68 thru 70 - Criminal Records of Police Aides
Paragraphs 71 thru 72 - The functions performed by Police Aides
Paragraph 73 - The Arrest of Eric Randall Campbell - Details of
Paragraphs 74 thru 76 - Sergeant Walter Sayers - His evidence
Paragraph 77 - Police Constable Calliste - His evidence
Paragraph 78 - Police Aides - Unlawfully constituted
Paragraphs 79 thru 80 - Police Aides - Mr. Gairy's responsibility
Paragraphs 81 thru 82 - THE NEW JEWEL MOVEMENT
Paragraphs 83 thru 84 - The New Jewel's "Peoples indictment" and Resolution of November 4, 1973

Part III [Continued]

The Events of November 18, 1973

Paragraphs 85 thru 87 - An examination in detail [Part 1] - The Evidence of H.M. Bhola
Paragraphs 88 thru 89 - An examination in detail [Part 2] - Special Branch - Matters to be determined by the Commission - Nine Questions
Paragraphs 90 thru 91 - An examination in detail [Part 3] - The Evidence of Simon Daniel [Part A]
Paragraphs 92 thru 94 - An examination in detail [Part 4] - The Evidence of Simon Daniel [Part B]
Paragraph 95 - An examination in detail [Part 5] - The Evidence of H.M. Bhola
Paragraph 96 - An examination in detail [Part 6] - The Evidence of Nugent David
Paragraph 97 - An examination in detail [Part 7] - The Evidence of Anthony Waldron
Paragraphs 98 thru 99 - An examination in detail [Part 8] - The Evidence of Innocent Belmar [Part A]
Paragraph 100 - An examination in detail [Part 9] - The Evidence of Innocent Belmar [Part B]
Paragraph 101 - An examination in detail [Part 10] - The Evidence of David Andrews
Paragraph 102 - An examination in detail [Part 11] - The Evidence of Innocent Belmar - Belmar and Alleged Proposed Takeover of Grenville Police Station
Paragraph 103 - An examination in detail [Part 12] - The Evidence of Ann Alexander
Paragraph 104 - An examination in detail [Part 13] - The Evidence of Cosmos Nurse
Paragraph 105 - An examination in detail [Part 14] - The Evidence of Nugent David
Paragraphs 106 thru 107 - An examination in detail [Part 15] - The Evidence of Innocent Belmar - Taking Over the State - Consideration of the evidence of Belmar & Andrews
Paragraphs 108 thru 109 - An examination in detail [Part 16] - Consideration of the evidence of Belmar & Andrews
Paragraphs 110 thru 111 - An examination in detail [Part 17] - Consideration of the evidence of Belmar & Andrews
Paragraph 112 - An examination in detail [Part 18] - The Evidence of Gilbert Anthony Coxhead
Paragraph 113 - An examination in detail [Part 19] - The Evidence of Ben Jones
Paragraph 114 - An examination in detail [Part 20] - The Evidence of David Andrews
Paragraphs 115 thru 116 - An examination in detail [Part 21] - The Evidence of Innocent Belmar
Paragraph 117 - An examination in detail [Part 22] - The Grenville Police Station Diary
Paragraph 118 - An examination in detail [Part 23] - Impressions of night of Sunday, November 18, 1973
Paragraphs 119 thru 120 - An examination in detail [Part 24] - RICHMOND HILL PRISON - The visit of Hon. E.M. Gairy [Part A]
Paragraph 121 - An examination in detail [Part 25] - RICHMOND HILL PRISON - The visit of Hon. E.M. Gairy [Part B]
Paragraph 122 - An examination in detail [Part 26] - RICHMOND HILL PRISON - The visit of Hon. E.M. Gairy [Part C]
Paragraph 123 - An examination in detail [Part 27] - The Report of the 'Special Branch'
Paragraphs 124 thru 125 - An examination in detail [Part 28] - THE COMMISSIONER'S FINDINGS on the Nine Questions asked in para. 89 [Part A]
Paragraphs 126 thru 127 - An examination in detail [Part 29] - THE COMMISSIONER'S FINDINGS on the Nine Questions asked in para. 89 [Part B]
Paragraphs 128 thru 129 - An examination in detail [Part 30] - THE COMMISSIONER'S FINDINGS on the Nine Questions asked in para. 89 [Part C]
Paragraphs 130 thru 131 - An examination in detail [Part 31] - THE COMMISSIONER'S FINDINGS on the Nine Questions asked in para. 89 [Part D]

Part IV

Events Subsequent to November 18, 1973

Paragraph 132 - Introductory
Paragraphs 133 thru 135 - The Organisation of 22 and Resolutions passed
Paragraphs 136 thru 140 - Setting-up the Commission of Enquiry and the Attorney General's Committee
Paragraphs 141 thru 142 - Marches and Demonstrations
Paragraphs 143 thru 145 - Police Aides recalled - Dame Hilda Bynoe, Governor, departs
Paragraphs 146 thru 147 - THE RIOT ON JANUARY 21, 1974 [PART 1] - The evidence of Eric Pierre [Part A]
Paragraphs 148 thru 149 - THE RIOT ON JANUARY 21, 1974 [PART 2] - The evidence of Eric Pierre [Part B]
Paragraphs 150 thru 151 - THE RIOT ON JANUARY 21, 1974 [PART 3] - The evidence of Alister Hughes [Part A]
Paragraph 152 - THE RIOT ON JANUARY 21, 1974 [PART 4] - The evidence of Alister Hughes [Part B]
Paragraph 153 - THE RIOT ON JANUARY 21, 1974 [PART 5] - The evidence of Mrs. Alimenta Bishop
Paragraph 154 - THE RIOT ON JANUARY 21, 1974 [PART 6] - The evidence of Dr. Alfred Fitzgerald Braithwaite
Paragraph 155 - THE RIOT ON JANUARY 21, 1974 [PART 7] - The evidence of Rosanna Baby Neckles
Paragraph 156 - THE RIOT ON JANUARY 21, 1974 [PART 8] - The evidence of Cosmos Raymond
Paragraphs 157 thru 159 - THE RIOT ON JANUARY 21, 1974 [PART 9] - The evidence of Adonis Francis
Paragraph 160 - THE RIOT ON JANUARY 21, 1974 [PART 10] - The evidence of Nugent David
Paragraph 161 - THE RIOT ON JANUARY 21, 1974 [PART 11] - The evidence of Osbert James
Paragraph 162 - THE RIOT ON JANUARY 21, 1974 [PART 12] - The evidence of Philbert Christopher
Paragraph 163 - THE RIOT ON JANUARY 21, 1974 [PART 13] - The evidence of Fitzroy Bedeau
Paragraph 164 - THE RIOT ON JANUARY 21, 1974 [PART 14] - The evidence of Garfield Brathwaite
Paragraphs 165 thru 169 - THE RIOT ON JANUARY 21, 1974 [PART 15] - The evidence of Randolph Myers
Paragraphs 170 thru 171 - THE RIOT ON JANUARY 21, 1974 [PART 16] - The evidence of Lennard Charles
Paragraph 172 - THE RIOT ON JANUARY 21, 1974 [PART 17] - The evidence of Cosmos Nurse
Paragraphs 173 thru 174 - THE RIOT ON JANUARY 21, 1974 [PART 18] - The evidence of Foster Gittens
Paragraphs 175 thru 176 - THE RIOT ON JANUARY 21, 1974 [PART 19] - The evidence of David Isaac (and affidavit) [Part A]
Paragraphs 177 thru 178 - THE RIOT ON JANUARY 21, 1974 [PART 20] - The evidence of David Isaac (and affidavit) [Part B]
Paragraph 179 - The Questions which arise from the evidence regarding January 21, 1974
Paragraph 180 - The evidence of Hon. Eric Matthew Gairy [Part A]
Paragraph 181 - The evidence of Hon. Eric Matthew Gairy [Part B]
Paragraphs 182 thru 183 - The evidence of Hon. Eric Matthew Gairy [Part C]
Paragraphs 184 thru 185 - The evidence of Hon. Eric Matthew Gairy [Part D]
Paragraph 186 - Mr. Alister Hughes and a transcript of his tape recording of the incidents on January 21, 1974
Paragraph 187 - Entries in Diary of the Central Police Station
Paragraphs 188 thru 192 - Conclusions by the Commissioners
Paragraphs 193 thru 198 - Consideration of Mr. Gairy's evidence
Paragraph 199 - Note on David Isaac
Paragraph 200 - Consideration of the conduct of the police - Further comment re: Dr. Alfred Fitzgerald Brathwaite's report
Paragraph 201 - The Answers to the Questions posed in paragraph 179

Part V

Recommendations

Paragraphs 202 thru 204 1. The Police Aides
Paragraph 205 2. Re-organisation of the Police Force
Paragraph 206 3. The Magistracy
Paragraph 207 4. The Solicitor General
Paragraph 208 5. Compensation for Looting
Paragraph 209 6. Pending Criminal Cases

Next: Duffus 1-2

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