Declaration of the Grenada Revolution
The Declaration of the Grenada Revolution was issued 25 March 1979 by the Peoples Revolutionary Government of Grenada. Below is the complete text:
Whereas Constitutional Government in Grenada has been interrupted as a consequence of the violations and abuses of democracy committed by the demonstration of Eric Matthew Gairy under the guise of constitutionality and whereas the people of Grenada have expelled the said Gairy from office together with all his Ministers that have appointed in their stead a People's Revolutionary Government for the time being to manage the affairs of Grenada as the Trustees and Executives of the sovereign powers and rights of. the people and have empowered the said People's Revolutionary Government to issue such laws, orders, rules and regulations and to do all things it may seem necessary for the restoration and preservation of the peace, order and good Government of Grenada.
Now, therefore, it has ordered and declared as follows:
The People's Revolutionary Government pledges to return to Constitutional Rule at en early opportunity and to appoint a Consultative Assembly to consult with all the people for the purpose of the establishment of a new Constitution which will reflect the wishes and aspirations of all the people of Grenada. That new Constitution will be submitted for popular approval in a Referendum. All sections, classes and strata will be involved.
People's Law Number One:
THE SUSPENSION OF CONSTITUTION
Here is the preamble:
On the morning of March 13, 1979 the people of Grenada in the exercise of their sovereignty overthrew the regime of Eric Gairy. This sovereign act of necessity involved the suspension of the Grenada Constitution Order 1973. For the sake of regularity, the People's Revolutionary Government now formerly enacts the Constitution of Grenada as hereby, has been suspended as of 12:01 a.m., on March 13, 1979. All acts and/or Deeds by or under the authority of the Provisional Revolutionary Government or the PRG are hereby deemed and declared to have been legally done and shall not be called into question in any Court of Law or otherwise.
People's Law Number Two:
THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE PEOPLE'S REVOLUTIONARY GOVERNMENT
The People's Revolutionary Government, the PRG is hereby established as of Tuesday 13 March, 1979 it accordance with the sovereign will of the Grenada. people, and in it shall be vested of executive and legislative power and the People's Revolutionary Government shall appoint a Prime Minister.
People's Law Number Three:
THE HEAD OF STATE
The Head of State shall remain Her Majesty The Queen, and her representative in this country shall continue to be the Governor General who shall perform such functions as the People's Revolutionary Government may from time to time advise.
People's Law Number Four:
THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A SUPREME COURT OF GRENADA
The West Indies Associated States Supreme Court Grenada Act 17 of 1971 is hereby repealed. There is hereby established a Supreme Court of Grenada consisting of the High Court and the Court of Appeal, in which shall be vested all that jurisdiction which was formerly exercised by the West Indies Associated States Supreme Court.
People's Law Number Five:
THE CONTINUITY OF LAWS
Save as in hereinafter provided or herein or hereafter amended or repealed all existing laws shall continue in force.
People's Law Number Six:
THE EXTENSION OF JURISDICTION OF MAGISTRATE COURTS
The jurisdiction of Magistrates' Court shall be extended to include jurisdiction over all acts of violence against State, property, essential services and the breaches of the financial laws and regulations; the maximum penalty and conviction for each of which shall be five years hard labour.
People's Law Number Seven:
THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE PEOPLE'S REVOLUTIONARY ARMY
There is hereby formerly established the People's Revolutionary Army or the PRA whose members shall be subject to, and controlled by the Grenada Military Force Act of 1976 to the extent that Act shall reasonably or appropriately apply. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the members of the People's Revolutionary Army shall have the powers of arrest and search as are vested for the members of the Royal Police Force.
People's Law Number Eight:
THE ESTABLISHMENT OF PREVENTATIVE DETENTION TRIBUNAL
There shall be established a Preventative Detention Tribunal consisting of not less than three persons appointed by the People's Revolutionary Government, whose functions shall be the review of cases of persons placed in Preventative Detention. Any person who was taken or has threatened to take, or is reasonably suspected of intending to take action of such a nature or on such a scale as is likely to endanger the public safety or to deprive the community of any substantial portion thereof, supplies or services essential to life is liable on the order of the authority responsible for National Security, to be placed in Preventative Detention. Any person who was taken or has threatened to take, or is reasonably suspected of intending to take action of such a nature, or on such a scale as is likely to endanger the public safety, or to deprive the community of any substantial portion thereof, supplies or services essential to life is liable on the order of the authority responsible for National Security, to be placed in Preventative Detention provided, however, that a person may within fourteen days of such detention Tribunal for a review of his case end thereafter at periods not later than two months after his previous application.
The Tribunal may at any review of the case of a detained person make recommendations concerning his continued detention or otherwise to the authority by whom it was ordered. But the authority will be under no obligation to act in accordance with any such recommendation.
People's Law Number Nine:
THE PRESERVATION OF PENSION RIGHTS
All Public Service Rights and pensions are herein before provided under the Grenada Termination of Association Order 1973 shall be preserved.
THE DECLARATION AND EFFECT OF LAWS
For the time being, all People's Laws shall become effective upon oral declaration and/or on publication of Radio Free Grenada by the Prime Minister or in the official Gazette under the hand of the Prime Minister.
During this period of transition, we pledge to observe the fundamental rights and freedoms of all our people subject to certain measures necessary to:
- The maintenance of stability, peace, order and good Government;
- The final eradication of Gairyism;
- The protection of the People's Revolution
People's Law List