The Grenada Revolution Online

Stanley A. Cyrus [1940-1997]

Stanley A. "Santana" Cyrus was born in 1940 in Grenada. He died in the United States in Atlanta, Georgia, on 27 July 1997 of a heart attack.

A native of Grenville, St. Andrew's Parish, Grenada, Cyrus taught at St. Andrew's Methodist School 1962-1963.

Circa 1967, Cyrus was a college roommate of Unison Whiteman at Howard University where Cyrus completed his studies in the Romance Languages Department.

An early interest in the Black literature of South America led Cyrus to edit a fiction anthology of Spanish American literature. The collection, published in Ecuador by the Casa de la Cultura Eduatoriana in 1973 is titled "El cuento negrista sudamericano: antologia." Author works included J. Diez Canseco, N. Santacrux, E.L. Albujar, A. Ortiz, N.E. Bass, M. Zapata Olivella, C.A. Truque and D. Sanchez.

During the early days of the New Jewel Movement [NJM], according to his sister, Cyrus raised funds for the organization and spoke for NJM when NJM was an opposition party.

On 1 August 1975, Cyrus prepared an outline of a talk he gave on "Obstacles to Workers' Progress." Such obstacles for Caribbean countries included ideological divisions, dependency, lack of information, racism and classism, the archipelago problem, cultural frontiers and political repression.

At the start of the academic school year of 1975, Cyrus began his professorship career by teaching Spanish at Howard University in Washington, DC.

Cyrus, according the the EPICA Report was "ostensibly organizing a Grenadian chapter of CLAT [Central Organization of Latin American Workers]" in 1977. CLAT [Central Latinoamericana de Trabajadores]), is an umbrella labor organization [over 34 national and 18 regional organizations in the Americas] based in Venezuela. CLAT has its roots in the Christian Trade Union Movements of the Americas.

The newspaper New Jewel says Cyrus was organizing youth with Buck Budhlall in Tivoli, and not doing trade union work at all. And then Cyrus left Grenada.

Cyrus obtained his Ph.D. in July, 1978 from Howard's Department of History.

Stanley Cyrus
Dr. Stanley A. Cyrus

Upon learning of the 13 March 1979 coup in Grenada, a friend claimed Cyrus threw a party in celebration. At that time, Cyrus was Assistant Spanish Literature Professor at Howard University, living in Cleveland Park, Maryland.

In the months following the formation of the new government in Grenada, the People's Revolutionary Government (PRG), it was rumored that Cyrus had direct ties to the CIA, was able to travel in the Caribbean and South American because of those ties. Soon Cyrus came to be linked to most all counter-revolutionary perceived threats of the latter part of 1979.

These threats were elucidated by Searle:

Upon further investigations, De Raveniere was found to be linked to other disaffected elements from various backgrounds who were united in a counter-revolutionary desire.

Also involved were Winston Whyte, who in Gairy's time had formed the United People's Party representing the interests of a section of the more aggressive local capitalist class, some pseudo-rastafarians who had hoped the Revolution would satisfy their dreams of large-scale marijuana trafficking, and a politically ambitious Grenadian academic teaching at Howard University, Washington, Stanley Cyrus.

Cyrus and his chief henchman, James Herry, soon became the darlings of anti-Grenada elements in the Caribbean media network . . . and were ready and eager to act as catalysts to promote any terrorist outrage against the Grenada Revolution."

In the middle of October 1979, Cyrus traveled to Grenada to visit his father who had health problems, according to his family. Cyrus was on academic leave from Howard University.

Soon after Cyrus' arrival in Grenada, Deputy Prime Minister Bernard Coard signed, on 13 October 1979, an order for the arrest of Cyrus while Bishop was out of the country. In Grenada, the "Torchlight" newspaper was also closed down by Hudson Austin and Bernard Coard on 13 October 1979 while Bishop was out of the country.

Officially, Cyrus tried to 'infiltrate the New Jewel Movement' and had connections with the CIA, according to PRG conclusions.

Bishop was speaking in New York at the 34th General Assembly of the United Nations on 10 October 1979, and gave a UN news conference the next day. On the 13th, Bishop held a press conference in Brooklyn after having had discussion with Fidel Castro who was in New York at the time.

At 5 a.m. the morning of 14 October 1979, Stanley Cyrus and his father were awakened. Stanley Cyrus was taken away by soldiers of the People's Revolutionary Army (PRA) to incarceration at Richmond Hill Prison.

The Cyrus arrest was part of what is known as "the October 14th round-up." Also arrested were Malcolm Baptiste, a US citizen born in Brooklyn of Grenadian parents; Winston Crow, Rastafarian, known as 'Ras Nang'; Cyril Anthony Daniel, Rastafarian, known as 'Ras Ersto JoJo'; James Herry [scheduled to leave for the US that day], Antonio 'Clem' Langdon [who was also home on a visit], Kade Layne, Anthony Mitchell, Teddy Victor and Winston Whyte.

On 31 October 1979, U.S. political activist and supporter of the People's Revolutionary Government (PRG) William H. Schaap wrote a Confidential Memo to Dessima Williams, Kenrick Radix, Maurice Bishop. In this memo, Bill Schaap related how he had received a telephone call from activist Donna Allen asking if he was aware of the situation with Stanley Cyrus. Schaap said he was not. Allen related what Cyrus' sister from Houston had to say about her visit with her brother, Stanley, his condition and of organizing efforts to secure Cyrus' release. Schaap urged the Grenada government to issue a brief release on charges against Cyrus.

By the end of October 1979, on the 31st, Amnesty International U.S.A. said it reported the case of Cyrus' arrest to its headquarters in London.

By 2 November, 1979, the Howard University newspaper, the "Hilltop", published that Cyrus

. . . has been reported charged by the Grenadan government with alleged 'conspiracy to overthrow the government,' after spending over two weeks in jail, according to Donna Allen, his colleague and friend.

Donna Allen shared an office with Cyrus who was writing a book on Black literature in Spanish. Dr. Allen, twenty years Stanley Cyrus' senior, worked actively to build support for Cyrus's release. Her reputation in the labor movement and her political activism was strong over her lifetime. Dr. Allen, for example, according to a presentation of her life, "worked against CIA involvement in overthrowing the newly elected government in Guatemala."

Many wires and telegrams were sent to Prime Minister Maurice Bishop about the arrest of Cyrus. These included a telegram from the Latino Institute at American University and a letter from the Romance Languages Department of Howard University from colleagues and students of Stanley Cyrus.

Other organizations such as the Washington Center for Latin American studies and the International P.E.N. in New York (Poets, Essayists, Editors, Novelists) association's Freedom to Write committee sent letters to the Grenadian government, Allen said. The American Association of University Professors (AAUP) was contacted about the matter. Writers Adalberto Ortiz [Ecuador] and Manuel Zapata Olivella [Colombia] wrote letters of support.

According to the newspaper, the "Washington Star," in an article written by Vernon A. Guidry, Jr.,

"Cyrus' daughter, Susan Philip, and other Howard students have gathered about 1,000 names on a petition seeking Cyrus' release and hope to deliver it to Dessima Williams, Grenada's ambassador to Washington. Williams declined to see the students yesterday. In a telephone interview, she said Cyrus was 'detained for questioning' Oct. 15 and has been implicated in a plot to overthrow the government."

"There is no doubt he is involved in the plot," Williams, the Grenadian ambassador, said without further specifying its nature beyond saying that it was to be carried off by 'an intricate complex of foreign agents' and mercenaries.

Cyrus was to be back in the U.S. the first week of November 1979 for a conference on Black literature at Hampton Institute in Virginia. He was to be one of the key speakers during the event. Hampton consequently, sent a telegram to Grenada accompanied with a copy of the conference's program as a proof that Cyrus is really a teacher and had no intention of overthrowing the government, if only because he had no time, according to Donna Allen in the "Washington Star" article.

The sister of Stanley Cyrus, Christobel Riddick of Houston, flew to Grenada to visit her brother. She reported that he refused to eat prison food for fear of being poisoned, and food from outside was not allowed.

According to the "Washington Star," Riddick said the new regime has created chaos and fear on the island.

'People are afraid the government will imprison them. There are no indictments, no trials. Friends are deserting friends' she said.

The Grenada Government newspaper, the "Free West Indian", in St. George's, the capital, continued the branding of Cyrus as a CIA agent after his arrest. Reports from the island indicated that local authorities expected a landing by three ships carrying the mercenaries.

The report was issued stating that Ambassador Williams said the government had received 'confessions' from some of the plotters indicating that mercenaries would arrive aboard 'U.S. vessels.' She said her government planned a protest to the United States.

In an address to the nation on Saturday, 3 November 1979, in the evening, Prime Minister Maurice Bishop told his listeners about the plot in detail and to guard against counter-revolutionary activity.

Bishop lauded the People's Revolutionary Army (PRG), at a Queen's Park rally on Sunday, 4 November 1979, for intercepting the attempted overthrow.

On 5 November, 1979, an Immediate Release was issued from the Permanent Mission of Grenada to the Organization of American States with the notice that further information could be obtained by contacting. The first pages of the release reads as follows:

COUP ATTEMPT IN GRENADA FAILS

Washington-(November 5) - Security forces in the small Caribbean state of Grenada have successfully defused an attempted plot to overthrow the People's Revolutionary Government of Grenada (PRG) which came to power just under eight months ago. An undisclosed number of persons have been arrested and security forces have recovered huge amounts of arms and explosives in a series of house raids conducted Friday night and early Saturday morning.

According to a report by the Government Information Service, key engineers of the plot inside Grenada included Corporal Wilton DeRaviniere, Inspector Courtney and another member of the police force under the former regime of Eric Gairy. Documents seized during the raid referred to external assistance, including about 100 foreign mercenaries.

Other documents recovered detailed plan for attack, including instructions to assassinate (sic) certain members of the leadership of the government. Military equipment recovered during the raids included rifles, hand guns, a large quantity of Molotov cocktails, gelignite, electronic detonators and a variety of other ammunition. Detailed maps of the People's Revolutionary Army camps was also found and points of attack were strategically charted.

Interrogations of detainees and other documentation revealed that the plot involved two stages. The first phase involved DeRaviniere and his internal assistants who were to create havoc in the country by starting fires in St. George's with the aim of destroying significant sections of this capitol city, including army headquarters, police headquarters and the country's only radio station. One document called for a public utilities strike. The entire country was without electricity on Friday, November 2 due to a strike.

The second phase of the plan, according to one detainee, involved three American ships from Miami which were to arrive at three strategic coastal locations in Grenada: Gouyave, Grenville and Westerhall. These ships, according to the report, were to deliver an additional supply of arms and about 100 mercenaries.

Documents recovered also linked the People's Action Liberation Movement (PALM), led by Winston Whyte who was arrested three weeks ago as part of the plot to overthrow the government. Others arrested at that time were Teddy Victor, James Herry, a Howard University professor Stanley Cyrus and sixteen former members of the 'Mongoose Gang,' a death squad of the former Prime Minister, Eric Gairy.

Unsigned letters, both typed and handwritten, urged people to support PALM and referred to the PRG as "sheep in wolf's clothing." Other letters called for the assistance from the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).

Prime Minister Maurice Bishop said that intelligence gathering within the country over the past several months and further evidence gathered during the past few days 'undoubtedly establishes the external connections' which the government has referred to on several occasions as part of a three-prong destabilization program. Bishop added that there is no doubt that those who were involved in the plot, who according to one detainee, were to come from the United States 'were anxious to establish in advance, the basis for their external aggression.'

Fourteen points were listed in documents recovered which were to form the basis of a speech to be made on takeover. Among the points listed which claimed justification for the overthrow were restriction of journalistic freedoms, harrasasment (sic) of the Rastafarian community and issues related to the treatment of detainees (See separate news releases attached).

Those arrested will be charged with a variety of offenses, including possession of arms and ammunition, conspiracy to overthrow the government and conspiracy to assasinate (sic) the political leadership of the country. Phyllis Coard, Deputy Secretary of Information, issued a statement regarding the treatment of detainees. She indicated that all detainees are being treated in an extremely human manner by international standards. She further indicated that there is a team of Caribbean lawyers presently in Grenada to examine files and other documentation relating to detainees with a view of bringing specific charges against them."

On 9 November, 1979, the same Permanent Mission of Grenada [in Washington, DC] to the Organization of American States issued this Immediate Release:

CYRUS DIRECTLY IMPLICATED IN GRENADA COUP ATTEMPT

WASHINGTON, November 9 - Prominent Howard University Professor, Dr. Stanley Cyrus, is currently being held in his native Grenada along with 37 others in connection with the plot to overthrow the People's Revolutionary Government of Grenada (PRG).

According to a spokesman for the nation's security forces, documented evidence and testimony from other detainees directly implicates Cyrus in the aborted plot of Friday, November 2. The spokesman said that there is evidence which indicated Cyrus' involvement in conspiracy and espionage activities in Grenada over the past several weeks.

Informed government sources say that Cyrus made repeated attempts to infiltrate the New JEWEL Movement, the party which forms the government, and to obtain sensitive information concerning the party's leadership. The sources also claim that Cyrus tried to agitate youthful supporters of the party by offering them guns and money and by encouraging them to engage in adventuristic activities.

At the time of his arrest, Cyrus was on a one-year leave from Howard University and was teaching at a private secondary school in a rural area of St. David's parish in the Southeastern section of the country. Interestingly, it was in this same parish that two large quantities of arms were seized by security forces three weeks ago.

Information released by the People's Revolutionary Government points to the motives for Cyrus' extensive travel and trade union activity throughout the Caribbean and Latin America prior to his recent arrival in Grenada. The government states that information it has received from trusted allies in Latin America and the Caribbean indicates that Stanley Cyrus' trips to those areas, billed primarily as academic and business pursuits, were sponsored by the United States Central Intelligence Agency.

The Government of Grenada, through its Embassy in Washington, has today requested 'every assistance' that the United States Government can provide in the investigation of this entire matter.

BACKGROUND REPORT ON COUP ATTEMPT AVAILABLE ON REQUEST"

On 9 November 1979, a statement was read over Radio Free Grenada. The statement was consequently reported in the "Caribbean Monthly Bulletin" by Grenadian journalist Alister Hughes. He wrote about the radio broadcast:

"Mr. Stanley Cyrus, a Grenada-born Professor at Howard University is among persons being held by the PRG in connection with the reported attempted coup of November 2 [1979].

A statement read over Radio Free Grenada on November 9 said documented evidence along with testimonies from other detainees implicated Mr. Cyrus directly with the plot to overthrow the Government.

It said that Mr. Cyrus had made several attempts to 'infiltrate the NJM' and obtain sensitive information concerning the party leadership.

'Information received by the PRG points to the motive for Cyrus extensive trade union work throughout the Caribbean and Latin America prior to his arrival in Grenada,' the statement said.

The Government stated further that feedback they have received in Latin America and the Caribbean indicated that Mr. Stanley Cyrus' trips to those areas were sponsored by the American CIA.'"

The formal word of Stanley Cyrus' status was issued in a typed letter from Richmond Hill Prison to Cyrus on 29 November 1979. It reads:

Richmond Hill Prisons,
Richmond Hill
St. George's
29th November, 1979

Dr. Stanley Cyrus,

Please be informed, that a document which I have on file concerning you, and which was signed by Bernard Coard on 13/10/79, as acting Minister of National Security, has defined you as a DETAINEE.

I do not know if any charges will be preferred against you, but what I do know is that very shortly you'll be issued with a detention order informing you of why you are detained.

Further, let me inform you, that as a detainee, you are not entitles to legal assistance.

[illegible signature]
Act]g Supt of Prisons

[handwritten in another style are the words] 'Under Heavy Manners!'

[handwritten in still another style are these two points:]

*Circulated at a CLAT Seminar in Caracas [unclear word] [unclear word] year!

*Please make an extra copy for us

Another reporter from the "Washington Star" visited Grenada in March 1980. He writes:

"Grenadian officials apparently felt that Cyrus was part of a CIA plot, but when I [writer Jeff Stein] traveled to Grenada in March in an effort to make some sense out of the Cyrus mystery, they produced no evidence and denied me permission to visit Cyrus in the nineteenth-century fortress overlooking the island's main harbor in St. George's."

Soon Dr. Cyrus' ordeal was over. He was released on 25 March 1980, after 5 months of detention.

Dr. Stanley Cyrus
Dr. Stanley Cyrus

Others released on that same day with Dr. Cyrus were Aldon Aldridge, Malcolm Baptiste, Godwin Benjamin. Michael Frank, Raymond Fraser, Cletus James, Rupert Japal, M.D., Johnny Madrid [a Gairy bodyguard], Jensen Otway, M.D., Cletus Paul, Lloyd St. Louis, ex-GULP Magistrate, and Aird Ventour.

As of mid-June 1979, Cyrus had not returned to Washington. He told his colleagues he was planning to return to Howard University in the fall. Cyrus was in Trinidad.

Officials in Grenada did not give up the CIA tag on Cyrus. They were sure he was forming an anti-government overseas Grenadian organization. This belief was backed-up by Cyrus' alleged radio pronouncements from Radio Trinidad and from Radio Antilles in Montserrat. In May, 1980, there was a long and detailed article in the Party newspaper, The New Jewel, concerning some plot hatched by Cyrus involving three helicopters in Trinidad.

Prime Minister Bishop spoke about Cyrus on 19 June 1980 in his speech "New Martyrs, New Heroes, New Patriots":

We think of people like Stanley Cyrus who continue to try to plot and plan and scheme and who hope that one day they will be able to return this country into the hands of imperialism.

Covert Action Information Bulletin, with Bill Schaap, Ellen Ray, Philip Agee among others on the editorial board, in its August/September 1980 issue, printed an article by an unsigned author or authors which spoke directly to the Stanley Cyrus matter:

"Grenada now has its own home-grown media destabilizer, Stanley Cyrus. Grenadian-born Cyrus was a Spanish literature professor at Howard University in Washington, DC, when the Grenada Revolution occurred, March 13, 1979. He professed to be a great supporter of the New Jewel Movement, led by Maurice Bishop, although most political activists on the Howard campus viewed him with some suspicion. For one thing, he traveled extensively, not just to Grenada, but to Trinidad and Venezuela as well, and he appeared to have some interest in an international construction company, unusual activity for a language teacher.

Before the Revolution, Cyrus had purported to organize a Grenada chapter of CLAT, the Confederation of Latin American Workers. This was rather unusual, since Cyrus knew absolutely nothing about labor unions. Although CLAT takes a militant anti-CIA line, writers such as Philip Agee have pointed out that the CIA was always trying to infiltrate it.

Thus it was no surprise to many people, when, shortly after the November 1979 coup attempt in Grenada, Stanley Cyrus was arrested on the island, accused of complicity in the action. He explained his return to Grenada some weeks before his arrest by pointing out that he had been asked by a friend of the head of a private high school in the countryside to come down for a few weeks to 'teach the boys Spanish.' Several of the plotters already arrested, however, had led the authorities to discover that many of their meeting had taken place at Cyrus' house. Funding from Trinidad, where Cyrus often traveled, also figured in the plot.

Cyrus protested his innocence, and supporters in the United States launched a massive campaign for his release. 'Human rights' was the slogan: Cyrus was being beaten and starved to death by the Grenadians. A few months later, visitors to the prison observed a plump, healthy, and vocal Cyrus, who said not that he was being starved, but that he didn't like the prison food, so his relatives brought him boxes of tinned food every week. Cyrus gave an interview saying nothing about torture.

In April, the government, under immense pressure, decided to release Cyrus as a gesture to its critics, and he immediately fled to Trinidad to vilify the People's Revolutionary Government of Grenada. His information was rather precise and technical, for a so-called human rights activist. During one period of tension, when one of the small counterrevolutionary gangs was on the loose, Cyrus went on Radio Antilles to announce all the names of the gang, none of whom had been named at that time. Immediately after the brutal bombing [of 19 June 1980] . . , Cyrus was again on Radio Antilles, praising the demented killer Strachan Phillip as the first 'hero' of the Grenada of the future."

In the September 1980 issue of "The Bajan", Dr. Stanley A. Cyrus wrote a column on "The Real Reason Behind No Elections in Grenada." The major points of the article can be summarized in these paragraphs from the column:

One of the most shocking facts of the P.R.G. is that though Grenada has six parishes, the four "strongmen" of the P.R.G. represent one parish. Prime Minister Maurice Bishop, Deputy Prime Minister Bernard Coard, Minister of Agriculture, Unison Whiteman and Minister of Labour, Selwyn Strachan were candidates, in Gairy's last years, of the urban parish of St. George, that is the parish in which one finds the capital, St. Georges. These "city boys" love to retain their hegemony, to impose their will and exercise a certain monopoly in directing the so-called national government, whereas the prominent independent-thinking rural leaders criticize the imbalance. This imbalance is even more significant when one considers the disparity in military sacrifice between the leading rural supporters of the P.R.G. and the P.R.G. "strongmen". Neither Bishop, Coard, Whiteman nor Strachan was a military commander in the coup of March 13th. They lay low at a safe distance until they were sure the coup was a success, whereas the P.R.G.'s most active helpers, and Gairy's most active opponents, such as Teddy Victor of the parish of St. David, Kenneth and Kennedy Budhlall of the parish of St. Andrew and James Herry of the parish of St. Patrick, were not only popular community leaders before March 13th, but also led their military contingents in person on that fateful day.

This initial disparity in military experience, or military sacrifice, between the politically-powerful, independent-minded, rural associates on the one hand, and Bishop's urban clique on the other, is the key to understanding events and decisions in Grenada after March 13, 1979. It is the key to understanding the P.R.G.'s pathological fear, their lack of confidence, their shrill declarations, their hollow accusations, their fabrications against community leaders, their concoction of plots, the purges in the army, the arbitrary detention of P.R.A. commanders, and the reliance on the Cubans.

Stanley Cyrus transcribed torture testimony and prepared documents dated 1 October 1980 for the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights of the Organization of American States (OAS). Cyrus testified and described the cases of detainees Lennox Scott, Rasta Nna Nna [Winston Crowe] and Aldon Aldridge. He also transcribed the audio tape testimony of detainee Corporal Wilton Morris 'Cracker' De Raviniere who was interviewed by former detainee James Herry; a similar process for detainee Matthew 'Qua' Antoine, also interviewed by former detainee James Herry.

Bishop's 5 October 1980 "Address to the Nation" referred to counter-revolutionaries, including Stanley Cyrus.

Prime Minister Maurice Bishop again spoke in public about Stanley Cyrus. This was during his 16 November 1980 address at the Bloody Sunday Rally, Seamoon, St. Andrew's:

One of the things too in this area I want to mention is that when the agent, Stanley Cyrus left Grenada and was spending a few weeks or months living in Barbados, he was doing so with the fullest knowledge and consent of Tom Adams, and in fact, this man Cyrus was walking around Barbados with two armed bodyguards. Wherever he went these people were with him.

Our present Ambassador to the United Nations saw this man at the Barbados Airport with these bodyguards and he was boasting about the fact that he was receiving official protection and therefore didn't have to worry about police asking him any questions. I want you to take a note of that also.

In 1981, Stanley Cyrus recorded a sound cassette of a lecture titled "Latin American politics and literature" at Clayton Junior College in Morrow, GA. He was President of the Washington, DC-based Afro-Hispanic Institute (AHI).

In July 1981, one Grenada government writer, Searle, put it this way in his retrospective view of Stanley Cyrus's activities:

" . . . [Stanley] Cyrus and [James] Herry saw their own opportunity to create even more propaganda destabilization by publishing a journal, "The Grenadian", full of muck-raking rumours against the private lives of members of the People's Revolutionary Government, purporting to give the 'real facts' behind the Revolution and calling for its overthrow. Since publication, thousands of free copies have been distributed throughout the Caribbean, and also in New York, London, Toronto and Washington, proving that the enterprise is very generously funded indeed."

A Government Information Service (GIS) Release was issued on 8 July 1981 about Stanley Cyrus and James Herry. The first two points of the release read as follows:

  1. Two well known counter-revolutionaries and agents of the Central Intelligence Agency, Stanley Cyrus and James Herry, have recently stepped up their activities in the region. Both Cyrus and Herry are Grenadians whose passports have been withdrawn. They are wanted in Grenada to answer serious criminal charges in which they are implicated. At no time were they ever members of the New Jewel Movement.

  2. Cyrus and Herry were detained by the authorities in Grenada for counter-revolutionary activities in 1979. They were released on humanitarian grounds just prior to the First Anniversary of the Revolution in March 1980 but immediately thereafter resumed their counter-revolutionary activities.

For the complete document, click News Release re: Stanley Cyrus and James Herry 356/81, Government Information Service-Grenada, July 8, 1981.

At the official launching of the Media Workers Association of Free Grenada on 11 July 1981, Maurice Bishop said, as part of his feature address:

We have seen too comrades, that right after the "Grenadian Voice" was closed own another such paper was put out by similar elements with exactly the same counter-revolutionary intent and being once again promoted, inspired and encouraged and backed, by the CIA.

We have seen within seconds of the demise of the first CIA plan.

The other paper came out, this time called 'Grenadian', and on this occasion, the 'Grenadian' as they choose to call it and the patriotic alliance as they choose to disguise their CIA front is put out by no less than those CIA counter-revolutionaries and conspirators to murder - Cyrus and Herry. These two elements using the soil of a friendly country are now trying to infiltrate our country with a new brand of counter-revolutionary rubbish."

Later in the speech, Bishop refers again to Cyrus and Herry:

When these elements like Cyrus and Herry move from island to island trying to incite our people to violence, trying to spread a lying gospel, trying to distort what is happening in our country, publicly calling for the overthrow of the revolution, you could never expect to see these elements carrying articles condemning the activities of Cyrus and Herry.

When Cyrus and Herry try to paint Duck [Glen Simon] and Ayub [Wilbur Charles] and the other murders with whom they are linked, when they try to paint these murderers and terrorists as heroes and martyrs you could never expect to find the "Trinidad Express" or the "Advocate" or the "Jamaica Gleaner" taking a position that these people are liars and hypocrites.

And closer to the end of his speech, Bishop says:

Those who in the most unpatriotic way will choose to link up with the mass murderers in the CIA to work out with them a plot to invade our own country, to link up with murderers like Cyrus and Herry; those who choose to engage in such activity cannot expect to have the normal rights and the normal freedom that our true patriotic majority enjoy.

A Freedom of Information document, originating in the US Embassy in Barbados, reported this:

Discussing the detention, Bishop told the inaugural meeting of the 'Media Workers Association of Free Grenada', a grouping of PRG media house employees, that Pierre's briefcase had contained pamphlets calling for the violent overthrow of the PRG (none of these has ever been displayed). Bishop said that the four detainees were involved in a counterrevolutionary group led by former detainees James Herry and Professor Stanley Cyrus, which also planned economic sabotage by Grenada's business community coordinated with U.S. efforts abroad finally leading to 'open acts of violence linked to a mercenary attack for which mercenaries are right now being trained in Miami, and other parts of the United States.' At the same time, the PRG accused Herry and Cyrus of being involved in the 1980 bombing, of CIA links and of advocating violence in a recent trip through the region.

The Embassy commented that -

' . . . the PRG has apparently worked itself up into a lather about a U.S.-inspired overthrow plot. Everything with two legs that is not a member of the New Jewel Movement seems to be a candidate for accusations of CIA membership. Most Grenadians (appear to) turn a deaf ear to PRG propaganda. However, most Grenadians are not running that country; the PRG is, with Cuban assistance. Embassy believes the PRG makes its charges with indeterminate proportions of genuine alarm and calculated cynicism. Obviously, the bogey of CIA mercenaries serves PRG propaganda interests, but observers of the PRG feel also that Bishop and his colleagues are really afraid of 'destabilisation'. It is clear from their works and actions that they subscribe fully to the school of thought which sees and exposes CIA agents at every turn, guided by the Covert Action Information Bulletin and the work of [blocked out; believed to read "Philip Agee'] and others like him.

In August 1981, Rickey Singh wrote a long editorial in Caribbean Contact entitled "Our Stand on Bishop's Grenada." In it Singh refers to the "Grenadian" published in Trinidad by "the wanted political activist, Stanley Cyrus." Singh made the point that elements in Grenada "who are behind the spate of unsigned, scurrilous, [unclear] pamphlets, threatening the life of Bishop and his PRG Ministers, must bear [unclear] for the mood of siege in the Spice Isle at this time".

By October of 1981, Cyrus was a lecturer at the University of the West Indies, Barbados. Stanley A. Cyrus published academic articles such as "Ethnic Ambivalence and Afro-Hispanic Novelists." Afro-Hispanic Review 1:1 (January 1982): 29-32.

Source material for information about Stanley Cyrus is obtained through the University of Texas at Austin - Jenson Latin American Collection, the U.S. National Archives II - Grenada Documents Microfiche Collection at College Park, MD, East Tennessee State University Serials Collection, Marryshow Memorial Library, OCLC/FirstSearch/World Catalog and the webmaster's private collection.

Next: Eric Matthew Gairy      Back: Jacqueline Creft

Back: Biographies/Portraits Index     Home Page: FAQs      Site Map

2004-2017 by Ann Elizabeth Wilder. All Rights Reserved.

          CONTACT