For us in Grenada to host this conference
is both an honour and
something of a strange experience.
An honour, in that to have so many fine
professionals and honest
men and women among us is always a heartening and strengthening
strange for us in that we have, since our grasp of freedom in March,
on the receiving end of so much vile and false journalism, so many lies
slanders, such profound hostility from the media barons of the
So for us there is a kind of irony in your
presence, for you
represent the opposite of that brand of mercenary and bought-out mafia
You represent hope and integrity to us, an
alternative kind of
journalism and the professional courage to stand up to lies and
We salute you and embrace you as comrades
in truth, for just as
truth is your tool, your trademark – so it is the vital essence and
ingredient that is contained in all the organs and aspects of the
In coming to Grenada and attending this
conference you are
demonstrating your willingness to stand up with us against falsehood,
that alone we thank you on behalf of our revolution and our people,
depths of our hearts.
We are particularly impressed by the level
of unity achieved by
the conference organisers and sponsors.
We see here the combined strength and
wealth of experience of the
International Organisation of Journalists [IOJ], the Federation of
American Journalists, the Press Association of Jamaica, our own Media
Association of Free Grenada [MWFG] and of dozens of individual, but as
formally unorganized, journalists from throughout the region.
If ever any of our people grew in the
slightest way despondent
throughout the three years of organised and co-ordinated media-assault
continually bludgeoned us, this conference and its participants will
go a long way towards dispelling any such feelings.
We welcome you here in the spirit of
recognising that each of you have a dynamic, original and significant
contribution to bring to this conference which we see as a crucible for
democratic journalism in our region.
We are not conscious of any aristocracy
among you, any media-peerage,
and that again fills us with hope and encouragement, for we have often
butt of the flows from some of the most powerful vested interests and
magnates of the region, and indeed, the world.
What you incontrovertibly demonstrate to
us is the other side of
journalism, the part that has been prepared to treat us with fairness,
and an open mind, to come and share our process, talk to our people and
You have, in short, shown us the
democratic tradition of
journalism in the Caribbean, the tradition we must fight to strengthen
IMPERIALIST STRANGLEHOLD OF INFORMATION
Comrades, the widespread and relatively
successful campaigns of
negative propaganda carried out by the Caribbean and North American
Nicaragua, Cuba and Grenada, the freedom fighters of El Salvador and
progressive and peace-loving forces o four region are facilitated by
unjust, irrational and undemocratic nature of the present world
An examination of the current situation in
the field of
international information and communication reveals a number of glaring
Firstly, there are considerable
disparities in the world-wide
distribution of the media.
Wilst, for example, in Europe and the
U.S.A., for every 1,000
inhabitants there are 312 daily newspapers and 696 radio and 301
receivers, in the developing countries of the same number of
are merely 29 daily papers and 83 radio and 22 television receivers.
This massive difference is in the first
instance a result of
colonial dependence, for the former colonial rulers did nothing to
national information system in the regions they exploited.
Secondly, this backwardness in the field
of information is a
fundamental reason for the fact that the international exchange of
is only a one-way process.
Basically, a veritable flood of
information flows through the
major imperialist cities to all corners of the globe, whereas there is
trickle in the opposite direction.
Today, the imperialist media businesses,
to all intents and
purposes, still control and
regulate the flow of information from, to and between the developing
The four major capitalist news agencies,
U.P.I. [United Press
International], A.P. [Associated Press], A.F.P. [Agence France-Presse]
Reuters have an output of 33 million words daily.
The ten largest Western foreign
broadcasting services are on the
air 5,200 hours per week, i.e. an average of 750 hours daily, and an
large proportion of this is in the national and tribal languages of the
The big U.S. television companies control
more than three
quarters of the international television market.
Thirdly, this “cultural imperialism” is
not merely a formal
problem but also in essence a question of content.
For ultimately it is not a question of how
much information is
broadcast through how many channels from where and from whom, but
information and with what objectives, is broadcast over national
WORK FOR THE NEW WORLD INFORMATION ORDER
In view of the wide-ranging problems
associated with the
transboundary role of the media, it is understandable that for a
time now, questions of information and communication have been the
increasingly intense international discussion.
A growing number of countries, including
Grenada, are asserting
loudly and clearly that the time is now ripe to democratise the
information system and to free it from the vestiges of colonial rule.
Such countries are also asserting that it
is imperative to
eliminate psychological warfare and cultural neo-colonialism from
between states and peoples.
These universal democratic and
anti-imperialist objective have
been reflected in the demand for the establishment of a new world
order (N.W. I.O.), which has been posed by the socialist and the
countries in UNESCO and the U.N. since the middle of the seventies.
What are the aims behind the setting up of
a new world
Firstly, the most important task consists
in guaranteeing that in
the ideological struggles of our age the mass media make an active
to the maintenance and consolidation of Peace, to disarmament and
international understanding and the resolving of the global problems of
An essential condition here is that the
international exchange of
information is arranged in line with the principles of international
anchored in the UN Charter, and that in particular principles such as
sovereignty and non-interference apply fully to international
A further aim in setting up a new world
information order consists
in organising a more balanced, comprehensive and freer exchange of
on a democratic foundation, an exchange which is free of the various
psychological warfare and cultural interference in the affairs of other
For this, it is necessary to curb the
influence on those section
so the media which even today continue to abuse freedoms in the
dissemination of information, and for the voices of democratic and
forces campaigning for peace and social progress to attain increasing
This entails, in turn, building up the
information capacity of
the progressively-oriented developing countries which at the moment
participate sufficiently in the international exchange of information.
INTERNATIONAL PRINCIPLES ARE THE BASIS OF
THE NEW ORDER
However, in order for these objectives to
be attained, it is
necessary that all participants in the international exchange of
act in accordance with the universally accepted principles and mores of
international conduct and relations.
One of the resolutions adopted at the 21st
General Conference held in Belgrade in 1980 expressly states that the
principles laid down in the UN Charter – namely, (ban on use of force,
sovereignty, non-interference, self-determination, peaceful settlement
disputes, co-operation, fidelity to treaties), must form the basis of
world information order.
These principles form the general
framework for the international
activities of the media.
They represent the yardstick for the
policy of states in the
information field in line with international law and form a starting
the concrete proves of drawing up specific norms for the international
of information, a process embarked upon with the adoption of UNESCO’s
declaration on the media.
They must be sown within the framework of
the aims and principles
of the UN Charter in their totality and indivisible unity, and taking
account the political, economic and social conditions existing in any
Thus, in the case of the new world
information order, it is not
only the right to freedom of expression paid down in Article 19 of the
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights that is relevant.
Equally important are such rights as the
right to education,
cultural activity or participation in public affairs.
Guaranteeing the freedom of the press is
of absolutely no use for
instance to an illiterate whose society denies him the right to
Furthermore, the right to freedom of
expression is inseparably
bound up with duties and corresponding responsibilities.
Thus, today one of the moral obligations
of a state is to prevent
war-mongering propaganda in the same say that the responsibilities of
journalists include writing for the cause of peace and showing an
commitment to the ending of the arms race and a switch to disarmament.
Numerous international bodies have
propaganda advocating the use of force and war, racism, apartheid,
neo-colonialism and other branches of international law.
For example, according to Article 4 of the
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination of
in line with Article 20 of the 1966 International Convention on Civil
Political Rights, states are obliged to forbid by law appeals to war
So too, we would argue that deliberately
false reports, slanders,
smear campaigns, hostile tendentiousness and subversive campaigns which
undermine international security and are aimed against good-neighbourly
relations between states, must also be regarded as contravening
Preserving sovereignty over national
information is a situation
where international information and communication are constantly
volume is one of the central issues in the establishing of a new world
From the principle of equal sovereignty
the following rights
accrue to individual states:
to set up, develop and organise their own
systems tailored to national aims and interests;
to map out their own national information
policy, to lay down
priorities and to create a corresponding legal framework;
to utilise the media as an instrument of
national development, to
help the formation, preservation and consolidation of a cultural
the education process, as well as to represent, free of discrimination,
legitimate interests and their outlooks, aims and values in the
within the framework of their legal
system, to forbid the
dissemination of information which represents a threat to international
security and jeopardizes their national sovereignty their economic
their cultural identity.
These rights derive from the right of
In the view of the fact that many
developing countries still do
not possess an adequate information system, the UN and UNESCO have
pointed to the urgency of setting up such systems.
The UNESCO International Commission for
the Study of
Communications Problems (MacBride Commission) similarly attaches major
to the solving of this problem.
The obligation to respect the sovereign
rights of states in the
field of information is a principle aimed in the first instance at
the use of the media to interfere in the affairs of other states and
In any event, in line with international
law, states are bound to
refrain from every kind of interference and to outlaw every form of
activity emanating from their territory.
This is expressly state, for example, in
the Declaration on the
Inadmissibility of Intervention and Interference in the Internal
States adopted by an overwhelming majority on 3 December 1981 during
session of the UN General Assembly.
This declares that states have the right
combat, within their constitutional prerogatives, the
dissemination of false or distorted new which can be interpreted as
interference in the internal affairs of other states or as being
harmful to the
promotion of peace, co-operation and friendly relations among states
It is extremely important, for example, to
preemptive legal provisions, that the introduction of direct satellite
envisaged by experts in the second half of the eighties, is prevented
becoming a source of international disputes merely because a few states
to ignore generally binding norms.
In this regard, the UN Committee on the
Peaceful Uses of Outer
Space has been working on an appropriate convention for the past ten
adoption of which has so far been blocked by the U.S.
Comrades, having laid out the principles
upon which this new
world information order is premised, we must ask what are the practical
for setting up the new order?
PRACTICAL WAYS TO ACHIEVE THE NEW ORDER
We want to suggest that today there are
three principal tasks
which are closely related to each other:
Firstly, all democratic, peace-loving and
progressive forces in
the information field must be mobilised for peace and disarmament.
This is no longer just a statistical
necessity; it has now
assumed the character of a universal commandment and a moral
the real threat to peace and the looming possibility of a final way
faces all of humanity.
Secondly, the principles of a new world
information order must be
Thirdly, increased support in the field of
information must be
extended to the developing countries.
UNESCO has played a particularly prominent
role in this proves
over the last few years.
The 1978 declaration on the media, the
1979 report of the
MacBride Commission, and the foundation of the IPDC [International
for the Development of Communications] in 1980 have not only created a
world-wide awareness of the issues involved, but also represent
the eventual establishing of a new world information order.
These events have provided a major impulse.
Thus, in 1983, to mark the fifth
anniversary of the media
declaration, a world congress is to take place to analyse the
this document and Grenada intends to make a contribution to this
Comrades, the struggle for a new world
spearheaded by the world’s democratic forces and stoutly resisted by
transnational media monopolists and mafia in the West must be seen
context of the developing international class struggle which has
momentum in recent times with the successes of, in particular, the
anti-colonialist and national liberation forces in the Third World.
IMPERIALIST ATTEMPT TO OBSTRUCT THE NEW
This information battle has been
characterised by three consecutive
phases on a world scale although in the Caribbean region elements of
are taking place simultaneously.
In the beginning, imperialism attempted to
anti-imperialist orientation of public opinion in the independent and
former colonies by utilising its own media to penetrate the national
arenas of those countries.
However, those direct “experts” of
cultural and informational
imperialism did not bring the desired results in several of the newly
So, imperialism then tries to erect all
sorts of obstacles to the
creation of the independent national press, radio and television of the
However, material assistance from the
forces made it possible to push ahead in this area although much
developing media infrastructure in the Third World is still to come.
The third phase – the most dangerous,
sophisticated and subtle
phase as then introduced to bolster the first two phases, under which
Western press monopolies have set about attempting to control the
services of the Third World from within themselves, occupying key
through influencing key but unpatriotic, reactionary and self-seeking
in management and editorial decision-making positions to disseminate
quantities of their biased and distorted news, or through bribing
manipulating journalists and their professional organisations and even
creating phantom organisations of journalists.
WE MUST FIGHT BACK
Thus, it is necessary for the world’s
democratic movement of
journalists to organise a broad programme of multilateral assistance
cooperation to journalist colleagues in the young states and to their
journalists’ association in order that they may confront the assault of
imperialist press mafia and more rapidly create and strengthen national
information media serving the cause of independence and progress.
This assistance and cooperation can be
manifested by expanding
the varied contracts between the IOJ and its national unions, by
active assistance in the training of journalists and by raising their
qualification through a permanent exchange of opinions on different
more intensive information work and the dissemination of scientific
about journalism as well as socio-political and specialised progressive
publications that will help to develop such cooperation.
Hence, the importance of exchanges of
delegations and groups of
journalists, and joint participation in various journalists’
initiatives and in
meeting on subject of interest to journalists as a whole cannot
over-emphasised, given the tremendous potential of such activities to
development of a new world information order.
Comrades, having set out some of the major
principles that are
required to bring about a new and honest dispersation (sic) in the
flow of information that would ensure both authentic, relevant,
truthful news for the people and full integrity and job-satisfaction
workers, I must, unfortunately, now descent from these heady heights to
real and cruel world imperialist, monopoly, mafia journalism that still
engulfs, stifles and represses our region and the world.
I start with the concept of propaganda
Comrades, the word ‘destabilisation’ in
nor our word, neither is
it a concept that belongs to us or a form of behaviour practised by us.
You would remember it as a part of the
lexicography of the United
States Central Intelligence Agency, coined by one of their ex-directors.
And yet now it is a word that every
Grenadian knows, for our
people have known exactly what it means on their pulses and nerves ever
the first dawn of our Revolution.
They have experienced destabilisation in
all its insidious,
violent and most treacherous forms – economic, political, diplomatic
violent destabilisation – but its manifestation that has become as much
of our lives as a bowl of callaloo soup or the scent of nutmegs, if the
of propaganda destabilisation.
Our people can tune into one of a dozen
stations and hear
reports, purportedly about Grenada, but in truth about a fictional
has never existed.
They can buy newspapers that print such
blatant lies and
disinformation as to create the screenplay for the most fantastic and
Hollywood melodramas, notwithstanding the remarkable record
have sometimes seemed to demonstrate in that particular field of
If they take with any degree of
seriousness at all the
extraordinary barrage of reports in the regional and North American
military bases and activity here, then instead of the peaceful, verdant
productive island on which they live, they would behold as their
start militarized zone of tar and concrete which would appear like an
combination of Pearl Harbour, Chelsea Barracks, Cape Kennedy, West
the Panama Canal Zone – with fighter planes as numerous as our
nuclear submarines in flotillas like shoals of sprats!
In fact, the absurdity of the propaganda
caricature of Grenada
has reached such a point of high farce and such levels of hallucination
absurdity as to have completely refuted itself.
However rejection of the lies of the media
mafia is now easy for our
people in Grenada as we have set in motion in our country a profound
mass mobilisation and mass education – which we believe to be twin
the same process – that has made our people constantly vigilant and
to unravel, understand and defend the truth of events.
We have said before that we hold the truth
itself to be
revolutionary and we shall stand firm by its side.
Propaganda destabilisation and the
systematic manipulation of
falsehood, as practised by journalists unworthy of the name and media
who have only corruption and decadence to defend, is perhaps the most
sophisticate form of lying that human society – or perhaps it would be
accurate to say anti-human society – has ever generated.
We have witnessed examples of this grisly
phenomenon over the
last few years in our continent, perpetrated and orchestrated by the
that would out-Goebbels, that most monstrous purveyor of the lie.
But the unleashed force of an organised
people, a conscious
people, a vigilant people, a united people, a people who are educating
themselves and each other through their political process, a people who
stopping not only to listen, but also to analyse, criticise and discuss
everything in their country from the budget to calypsoes (sic) to
to events in El Salvador, Namibia or the Western Sahara, cannot be
fooled so easily.
They stand as interpreters and protectors
of the truth.
In the same way that they patrol and guard
the beaches of our
country from physical attack, they are also guardians of the truth.
In the same way that they are training
themselves to repel any
mercenary or imperialist incursion, they are also, through an
process, training themselves to dispel the lies and slander that insult
of their progress and distort their Revolution.
But although imperialist propaganda
destabilisation has out-lied
and out-libeled itself and exposed its own rotting carcass in the
honest and dedicated journalists clearly have a huge responsibility and
obligation to hasten its final and inevitable self-destruction, for it
caused onerous and bloodsoaked damage throughout its rabid lifespan,
continues to do so in its throes of death.
In Grenada we have carefully analysed the
extent of its devastation
in Chile and Jamaica through such newspaper as El
Mercurio and the Daily
Gleaner respectively, and knowing what was set loose there,
imperialist press can invent and say about us can ever give us any
We have read page after page of lies about
concocted by the hirelings of some of the richest media merchants in
– about us, whose population would only amount to heads counted in a
North American city!
The Boston Globe, The Washington Post, The
New York Times, The
Christian Science Monitor, the Miami Herald, the Wall Street Journal,
Angeles Times, Newsweek, Time – why should they spend so much time,
printer’s ink writing about our tiny nation and composing more and more
about our process?
In West Germany, shortly after our
Revolution, Bunte magazine told us
that we had a
lightning-erected Soviet missile base with warheads aimed at
islands, perched somewhere like a fairy castle on the rugged peaks
Grand Etang which you would have passed when you crossed over the
of our island on your way from Pearls Airport to St. George’s.
Then, after a long, taxing and strenuous
campaign to raise money
to pay for our New International Airport which will have one 9,000 foot
the British Broadcasting Corporation obligingly informs us that in face
putting down three runways, thus wishing that exhausting process on you
Indeed, with the recent reports in the
London Daily Telegraph of yet
submarine base at Calivigny on our South-East coast, you might be
blinking your eyes and for a moment not believing you are in the
Conference Centre of Free Grenada but on a Hollywood film studio
filming of one of those old Z (sic) rated movies that Ronald Reagan
enjoy acting in so much in his younger days.
However, the extraordinary reality is that
while these fantastic
stories circulate unashamedly in the imperialist press, and make out
beloved island to be a sinister haven of international intrigue, our
still work and produce in their gardens, factories and farms; our
our beaches and waterfalls and go for rides in mini-mokes all over our
six hundred American medical students continue to supply themselves
to their studies, and our people in their busloads take Sunday
excursions, have picnics, collect shells thrown up by the dredge at
and fly their kites with happiness and pride over their international
project which they recognise correctly as the most important and vital
project that our country has ever undertaken.
Comrades, we know that the C.I.A. has
direct access to over 200
We also know that it put out its Bi-Weekly Propaganda Guidance to radio
stations right through our
We know of the twisted technique it uses
to control those
conservative newspaper in ‘flashpoint’ countries it needs to
We know how the newspaper editors and
owners concerned are
promoted overnight to the Board of Director of the Inter-American Press
at the outset of this
destabilising process, for the sake of artificially boosting the
We have observed this clearly again in the
case of El Mercurio in Chile, and
in the case of Oliver Clarke, the publisher of the Jamaica Daily Gleaner.
We have noted the way in which progressive
designers on these target newspapers have been summarily dismissed and
by misguided elements, who, by using work-association techniques,
insinuation, emotive symbolism and the juxtaposition of negative images
photographs of progressive leaders, have attempted to spread disorder,
demoralization, distrust and fear amongst the readership of these
We also know the editors of the largest
and wealthiest newspapers
in the Caribbean were invited to Washington in May, 1981 by the United
International Communications Agency, (U.S.I.C.A.), the propaganda arm
U.S. State Department, for a crash course in those honourable
techniques, and how a few weeks later the ignoble concept of the Free
under imperialism was further dignified with identical front page
pouring ridiculous but sordid lie after lie, comma for comma, full stop
full stop on Grenada in the columns of the Gleaner,
The Barbados Sunday Sun, the
Advocate, the Trinidad Guardian and
the Trinidad Express.
In this we saw the clumsy and unethical
hypocrisy and dishonesty
practised by the Caribbean proxies of the major U.S. press goliaths.
Their lack of deftness clearly shows that
they still have a lot
to learn from their U.S.I.C.A. masters and teachers, and we can
expect a return seminar for a little remedial education for Mr. Gordon,
Clarke and their backward classmates.
U.S.I.C.A. AND I.A.P. ENEMIES OF
Perhaps at this point it would be
instructive for us to consider
U.S.I.C.A. and I.A.P. A. a little more closely.
U.S.I.C.A. was born from its mother
organisation, the United
States Information Agency (U.S.I.A.).
The Deputy Director of this illustrious
organisation, one Thomas
C. Sorenson, said in the 1960s that:
U.S.I.A. is the psychological instrument of the U.S.
Government overseas, just as the State Department is the diplomatic
of the Agency for International Development, (U.S.A.I.D.) the economic
assistance instrument, and the Central Intelligence Agency (C.I.A.) the
And as you can see, this is quite a
constellation comrades: so
let there be no doubts as to the motives of the U.S.I.C.A. seminar for
For this ‘psychological instrument’ is
openly waging war on the
minds of the Caribbean and Latin American masses, taking many leaves
U.S. Army’s Field Manual on Psychological
In what is perhaps the zenith of cynicism,
document, required reading for all propaganda destabilisers, says quite
THE CONTINUATION OF WAR BY NON-MILITARY MEANS
activities are those carried out in peace time,
or in places other than war theatres, in order to influence the
attitudes and foreign groups in a manner favourable to the achievement
policies of the United States.
And even though many of our Caribbean
editors and newspaper
owners went running to their master’s voice in Washington bursting with
enthusiasm, it is important to remember that the ‘country team’ in any
Embassy will contain not only military attaches, a C.I.A. station
heads and a Peace Corps, co-ordinator – but also the head of the local
U.S.I.C.A. mission, who is aiming his psychological arrows constantly
political and economic power structures, trade union leaders,
prospects, editors, broadcasters, educators, community leaders and
likely to serve his ends.
U.S.I.C.A.’s grim twin is I.A.P.A., whom
we met earlier as the
kindly sponsor of the destabilisation blitz in Chile and Jamaica.
This organisation, which has a truly
impressive record of
orchestration of outright slander, lies and scurrilous calumny was
progeny of the U.S. State Department from when all good and pure
It was first formed in 1926 as the First
Pan-American Congress of
Journalists, and seized in 1950 by the C.I.A. after it has passed to
leadership of a group of independent-minded journalists – a state of
of course, intolerable to U.S. State structures.
Since then it has singlemindedly dedicated
itself to a crusade
against truth, and has been decorated many times for its intrepid
journalistic honesty and integrity.
Comrades, Grenada is a free area which is
liberating itself from
the false perspectives and distorting moulds of imperialism.
Our people are developing the critical
consciousness and powers
of discrimination to detect propaganda destabilisation whenever and
It is a strange contradiction that the
attempt at destabilisation
hurled against our country by newspaper and radio are themselves
people and sharpening their critical sense, making the more able and
to identify, resist and beat back the lies.
Every slander thrown at us presents a
mental manoeuvre for our
people, an exercise which strengthens their consciousness and mind
In this sense, the propaganda
destabilisers are unwittingly doing
our people a favour, for they are creating within the minds of our
determined mental militia which launches back a hundredfold of truth
single falsehood aimed at our country.
Having lived through an apprenticeship of
lies daily striking our
shores, our people are building the fabric of resolution and truth
are offering to the world.
For here in Grenada, falsehood shall not
pass, even though it is
the daily bread of imperialism.
DEMOCRACY AND THE CARIBBEAN PRESS
Comrades, in order to seriously consider
democracy and the press,
we need to examine the situation in which the majority of Caribbean
apparently find themselves locked.
The working journalist is a true producer.
He follows and hunts the news, he hustles
for stories, he
uncovers the submerged truth of events, he blasts open secrets and
with his investigative dynamite.
Alongside this colleagues who produce and
print the newspapers,
he is the worker of news.
And yet his product is not his.
His work is valued solely in terms of how
he contributes towards
making profits for the owner of his medium, which is a commodity to be
or sold at a market place like a pound of saltfish or a pole of mangoes.
While he strikes out towards the truth,
the owner of his words
and columns counts up his dollars and looks for ways of making more.
And if prostituting the truth is the way
forward towards that
end, then, so be it!
So how then does the honest journalist,
whose work is alienated, relegated
and despised, act?
We have seen some courageous resistance in
relation to our own
country when the calculated and co-ordinated swapping of falsehoods and
vitriolic anti-Grenada editorials launched through a corrupt section of
Caribbean Press by the United States International Communications
(U.S.I.S.A.), was met with a determined and principled act of protest
of your Trinidadian colleagues, but many other regional journalists
prefer to work on in their own way, in their own individual niche, and
to interpret that existence as ‘the freedom of the press’, even though
stories are cut or warped, even though their opinion in the enterprise
they work is counted for nothing, even though they have no control over
working conditions, even though they have no say in the political
their newspaper, even though their just wage demands are treated with
scorn as their skills and opinions, even though the decisions affecting
newspaper are taken over the clinking of glasses filled with Chivas
at a luxurious country club.
While the true journalist works with the
people, searching out
the truth of their real lives and problems, and writing stories seeking
expose the conditions bearing down on their own hope for progress,
employers machinate with the forces of falsehood, the media-monsters of
C.I.A. and Inter-American Press Association, the anti-people,
robots who are completely and unscrupulously Machiavellian in their
distort all reality and shape it in the moulds of the voracious
These are the forces who claim to have
sanctified the principles
of Press Freedom, who control the region’s editorials, who prefer to
computerized calumny of “top Pentagon officials’ to the real views and
words of the Caribbean people.
Let us take, for example, the Trinidad
Guardian of Wednesday, 3rd March of
You would have seen the elegant headline
emblazoned across the
front page with the original, well-chosen words, GRENADA BASE OPEN TO
where one American Fred. (Fred S. Hoffman), a journalist [Associated
Military Writer and Pentagon spokesman, Washington, D.C.], quotes
American Fred. (Dr. Fred C. Ikle), a U.S. Undersecretary of Defense,
unsubstantiated lies and slander about how our International Airport is
become: an airbase available to the Soviet Union’.
If the hard-working Caribbean journalists
or the bemused
Caribbean reader begins to scratch his head in bewilderment at there
his own people,
his own aspirations, his own country beginning to fit into this network
Freds, and international scandal, it would not be unreasonable.
His own land, his own issues, his own
problems have been
leap-frogged, set aside and deemed irrelevant.
His voice is nothing, the screaming and
shrieking of the U.S.
State Department is clearly more important to the Trinidad
Guardian than his Caribbean existence.
And yet this so-called ‘democratic press’
always seeking, as it
so often tells us, to present all sides of the story, in the case of
3rd article, as indeed many other articles
refused to print the
letter of response sent by the People’s Revolutionary Government two
later, and up till now, has not even had the democratic manners to send
We in Grenada were not surprised at these
have we been surprised at the dozens of other similar outpourings of
garbage which characterise the columns of the Trinidad
Guardian or the
This is not to say that we are not also
continually disgusted at
the growing intensity and desperation of these utterances, cut we have
customary analysis of those who see to defame us, and we understand
motives, for we understand the real power behind these pages.
These papers which proudly boast their
independence, in fact
speak with the same voice and the interests of the same class.
Jointly, there are eighteen director on
the boards of these two
Of the ten, about whom information exists,
they have interlocking
directorships in 47 other companies, including national, regional and
multi-national business corporation such as insurance and stock broking
companies and several banks, namely the Bank of Commerce, the Royal
Canada, Barclays and the locally-owned National Commercial.
Clearly, journalistic integrity and
democratic aspirations do not
go hand-in-hand with such interests, and should the journalist of such
enterprises wonder who he is truly serving, the facts are there before
It is surprising that such forces would
attack, with so much bile
and bitterness, the advances of the Grenada Revolution?
It is surprising that the knowledge of a
proud and free people in
an island just across the sea, who are claiming their right to control
direct their own destiny, build their own economy and cast away tyranny
the farthest memory of history, should provoke such passionate and
fear among these paper barons?
A poor people gaining wealth through
participation and organisation,
a people casting their own moulds, a people resolved to finish with
No wonder they are frightened, for the
spectre that haunts their
drunken nights, the image which dances at the bottom of their Martini
the shiver that shakes their flesh in their air-conditioned offices is
vision of the free people of Grenada building a new life on the ruins
wreckage of the system they uphold, and the terrible though that the
their own newspaper will one day, sooner than they fear, boldly take a
This is why these newspapers whilst
printing millions of words of
lies about our process have printed nothing about our new revolutionary
grassroots democracy here in Grenada, and why you will read pitifully
about our mass organisations, our workers’ Parish Council, our Zonal
And you will find next to nothing about
these remarkable and
vibrant structures of our people’s power – our organs of popular
other newspapers up and down the region that are owned and managed by
Ken Gordon, for example, of the Trinidad Express, is also a transnational
media magnate, with a
part ownership in the St. Lucia Voice, the Barbados Nation, and the late, but not
lamented Torchlight, which he used
a base of slanderous and destabilising operations here in Grenada.
Because we do not fear lies of the
imperialists and their
proxies, we allow into our country every day their newspapers and
with all their distortions against us.
Any day on the streets and in newspaper
shops of our country, you
can buy the Trinidad Express, the Trinidad Guardian, the
Bomb, Challenge, Target, the
Barbados Advocate, Time or Newsweek magazine
but every week, notwithstanding our best efforts, you cannot buy on
streets our national newspaper The Free
Yet, they are the ones who speak of press
I want to give you the benefit of some
research done by our Media
They analysed the 19 month period from
June 1980 to December
1981; to be more concrete they did a content analysis of a section of
press coverage that period for the following newspapers – Trinidad Guardian, Trinidad Express, Vincentian,
Voice of St. Lucia,
Dominica Chronicle, Barbados Advocate, Barbados Nation and
copies of the Jamaica Gleaner and
Trinidad BOMB newspapers.
What this analysis showed is that during
this 19 month period,
these papers carried some 1570 articles on Grenada during this period,
works out to be average of nearly 3 articles per day.
Some 60% of these articles were editorials
or other comment and the
remaining 40% was “straight” news.
About 60% of these articles were negative
towards the Grenada
Revolution being either downright lies or subtle and not so subtle
Furthermore, 95% of the P.R.G.’s rebuttals
to many of these
scandalous and libelous articles were never published.
It is clear that no other topic has
attracted such vast coverage
in this section of the Caribbean press over the last 3 years.
And Comrades will, of course, not that
only some newspapers in a
handful of islands are included without reference to radio or
and also that the vast press and other media coverage in the rest of
Caribbean, Latin American, North America and Western Europe is excluded
altogether from this analysis.
There is no doubt that the Grenada
Revolution has been very
profitable for the media magnates and salt-fish mafia of the region.
So what we do in Grenada raise (sic) in
the place of the great
democratic sham of the imperialist press?
Where do we seek the forms of our press
We uphold the freedom of the majority of
the working people, who
form the mass of our populations, to express their views and their
right to have
access to the mass media which serves their interests, which reflects
struggles and aspirations, their perceptions and opinions.
We vindicate a media which is a tool to
help organise our people,
for without that constant activity and participation there is no
We add that our media must inform our
people honestly and seek to
educate the, it must provide them with constructive criticism for the
examination of problems and the formulation of solutions, with the
to advance proposals and ideas that will help to form the country’s
and foreign policies.
As such, it is crucial that the people’s
letters and complaints
are openly printed for public comment, and conversely in the spirit of
principles of emulation that the most outstanding of our workers
appreciation and recognition through our newspapers, radio and
To implement these principles there are 9
published in Grenada, in place of the only one rag that was being
before the Revolution.
And a new newspaper, Fedon
the voice of the People’s Revolutionary Armed Forces is to begin
the next few days.
Their owners are the masses and their mass
Look and scan with every means you have,
comrades, you will find
no directors of foreign banks editing or managing The Free West Indian,
Voice, Fight, The New Jewel, the Pioneers Voice, Cutlass, Fork, Media
Voice, or the Workers Voice.
There is a newspaper serving all the major
elements of our
society: our youth, our women, our trade unionists, and our children as
our national newspaper, The Free West
Indian, which bind those constituent parts together.
Comrades, we cannot tell you, neither
would we presume to tell
you, to duplicate our experience here in Grenada in your own countries.
Your means of democratizing your media
will arise out of your own
conditions, your own struggles, your own definitions.
But every inch of ground gained in your
workplaces is a liberated
area for the entire Caribbean, every assault upon organised lying is a
truth which benefits every working person of the Caribbean, every
defect of the
press barons in things great and small means a few steps forward for
Words are weapons, and the vested interest
of the Caribbean media
are pointing them not only at us in Grenada, but at any oppressed or
group that being to stand up for a new and better life.
Comrades, we must turn the words around,
aim them back at the
exploiters and begin to free our Caribbean journalism of the despair
tyranny which holds it as a vice, and permits no democratic advance.
You are the writers, you hold the weapons.
You have the power to create your own
notions and structures of
press freedom that will expose and obliterate the terrible untruths
made it, in the mouths of the ruling class of the press, the greatest
hollowest falsity of our age.
JOURNALISM AND THE STRUGGLE FOR PEACE
Comrades, although there may be
differences between us in some
matters, there is one issue in particular upon which, above all, I am
that we stand absolutely united.
I am referring to the question of Peace,
and the common
commitment that we share to make our region a Zone of Peace.
Perhaps such an assertion has even greater
significance at this
present time when the forces of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
led by the banks of the United States of America, are preparing once
turn our Caribbean Sea into an armed lake.
Like an overgrown child at his bath time,
President Reagan is
about to drop into what he believes is his bathtub, his fleet of toy
battleships and aircraft carriers filled to the brim with plastic
I speak, of course, of the soon to be
manoeuvres code-named Ocean Venture 82, which
are shortly to strike our region.
Such huge military rehearsals, so
perilously close to our shores,
and in fact including the shores of our comrades in Cuba and the
of Puerto Rico, only demonstrate one more time the proximity of war and
blasé, imperial and Munroe Doctrine-like attitude of the United States
region and waters.
The impunity with which their carriers of
war float around our
Caribbean is only encouraged by those governments which say that a
American sailors in port brining in thousands of dollars to their
exchange justifies their presence in our seas.
Let us be clear that such money is nothing
more than the wages of
war, the cost of prostituting our sisters, the mercenary price paid to
threaten our region, to militarise it and turn it into a potential
war and as such it can never be justified!
In this context, it is crucial that our
accomplish their sacred mission to be the propagandists of peace.
Mere saber-rattling has developed into the
rumbling of aircraft
carriers and the hissing of nuclear missiles, and these are the noises
be hearing more and more in our region while the present U.S.
Any journalist that seeks to preserve
peace and help to secure a
future for humanity ha a decisive role and responsibility here and how,
monitoring the warlords, keeping on their tail, never losing sight of
constantly supplying detailed and exact information on their movements
violations, and keeping continually vigilant to their threats and
In our own region we have had a
particularly admirable example of
such investigative power by some of our journalists.
For years in two islands of the Caribbean,
Antigua and Barbados,
a trans-national munitions company was secretly developing and testing
artillery device on behalf of the South African racist government.
This giant howitzer was not only used to
lob and explode a
nuclear warhead some five miles into the upper atmosphere, but also to
and murder our African comrades in Angola during the abortive South
invasion into that sovereign state while the brave Angolans were
Second War of Liberation.
The foul and clandestine work of this
which operated under bogus respectability as the Space Research
was unmasked by courageous and outstanding journalists both in Barbados
Their probing work had important
consequences for it resulted in
this poisonous company being ejected from both islands.
As such, it was a blow not only for the
preservation of peace in
our region and an expulsion of the racist scientists of death, but also
victory on behalf of the oppressed and struggling people of South
every deprivation of weaponry the Pretoria regime suffers, gives more
inspiration to the South African liberation forces and brings their
victory a step forward.
It must be emphasised that our quest for
peace here in the
Caribbean and the exposing of warmongering and bellicose initiatives
by imperialism in our own region by our own journalists, is not only
our own dignity, but as a global significance for in the age of
arms, the threat to peace even in a speck of the world like two very
islands barely seen on a world map, in a threat to peace for the entire
In this epoch, comrades, the eyes of the
world are staring
squarely at our region.
They see our Caribbean as a flashpoint, a
trouble spot with an
intensity that we have never experienced before.
The struggle of our heroic neighbours,
first in Nicaragua and now
in El Salvador and Guatemala, has made our region the world’s focus,
for international journalism.
The future of humanity is being fought out
on our doorstep, and
the need for accurate, pro-human
democratic and progressive journalism in such a scenario is
The integrity of Caribbean journalism has
never been so
necessary, so fundamental, so critical as it is now.
The warmongers and tyrants know well that
the honest journalist,
no matter what his personal ideology may be, is an obvious and natural
the national liberation movements.
He is recording resistance to oppression,
the struggle for bread
and justice, the hop and aspiration towards a better life.
Whether it was Herbert Matthews, an
American, covering the
struggle of Fidel and his comrades and articles by Basil Davidson from
liberated zones of Guinea-Bissau, Angola and Mozambique, or John Reed’s
inspiring words from revolutionary Russia in 1917, the journalist is
crucial link between the fighter for freedom and peace and the man or
reading a newspaper in any street in any city of office in any country.
This is plainly why the ex-five star
general of the defeated U.S.
Army in Vietnam, General Westmoreland, is now openly declaring that in
future conflict involving the United States, and American and
press must be restricted, and must not have open access to the battle
He knows, perhaps better than anyone, how
much American public
opinion was turned against the U.S. Vietnamese adventure through the
reporting from the front line by newspaper, radio and television, and
American people grew sickened, appalled and ashamed by the vile brutal
of their own soldiers, by the defoliation and chemical warfare.
Westmoreland and others of his ilk
understand only too well how
American parents – many of them poor – were watching with increasing
futile maiming and permanent destruction of their own sons on the
screen while standing in their own living rooms, or how ordinary
talked glibly about the great American ideal sat transfixed as they
newsreels showing the cold-blooded torture and executions of young men
supposed to be Viet Cong suspects.
Clearly, after that war, journalism could
never be the same
again, and nothing did more to resolutely change American public
put it against the war, despite the continued frothings and spluttings
In the same way, in June 1979 in
Nicaragua, when the American
public saw a news film of the arbitrary and merciless killings of an
correspondent [Bill Stewart] by one of Somoza’s National Guard, there
horrified and incredulous outcry through America which clearly made it
extremely difficult for the U.S. hawks to take the option they wanted
military intervention in Nicaragua.
This event was to prove very significant
for the eventual
And we could compare a situation, as in
Nicaragua or El Salvador,
where the press are able to cover the war, despite the immense
a situation where they cannot.
In East Timor, the FRETILIN [Revolutionary
Front for an
Independent East Timor] soldiers of national liberation have been
six-year war with irresponsible courage, against the Indonesian armed
who invaded their country a week after it achieved its independence
centuries of Portuguese Colonialism in 1976.
East Timor, an enclave on an island in
South East Asia, has been
sealed off from journalists by an air and sea blockage, and receives
publicity and little reporting.
Consequently, the just struggle of its
people has never received
the kind of international solidarity of other struggles for peace and
that have been more prolifically covered by international journalism.
The result is that a heroic people
continue a massive struggle in
virtual isolation, and carry forward their drive towards freedom under
serious disadvantage – a vacuum of press coverage.
So comrades, in this present period when
struggles and the demands of the poor and working people dominate our
and much of the world, it is the right and responsibility of the
integrity to move to cover them, to report upon them, to photograph,
record them, to spread out the news of their people’s struggles from
from El Salvador, from South Africa, from East Timor, from the Western
For their cause and the cause of all
oppressed and struggling
people march side by side with the cause of peace.
There can be no true peace while the lives
of these heroic people
with justice on their side are dominated by tyranny or circumscribed by
Our times are full and echoing with the
insane talk of war.
In the United States there is the attempt
by the disciples of the
monstrous industrial-military complex to legitimise the concepts of
nuclear war”, the “First Strike” option, the dangerous concept of
the Reagan Doctrine to total uncritical support for international
regimes like Zionist Israel and racist South Africa because they best
the global expansionist and warlike ambitions of the neutron warlords,
journalists are falling into the feral trap of favourable publicizing,
giving credence to this madness.
Clearly, freedom-loving and peace-loving
journalists must take
the firmest possible stand against such jockeying with the future of
our humanity and everything our people have ever wrested from their
everything we have ever built for our children.
On this fundamental question of peace,
disarmament, détente and
peaceful co-existence, we must stand united and nothing must tear us
over and above everything else it stands as the most vital issue of our
the first issue and the last issue: the right to life itself, for any
of our peoples.
JOURNALISTS MUST PROMOTE THE CAUSE OF PEACE
Faced with this historic responsibility,
how can progressive
journalists counter such vile propaganda designed to whip up fear and
and create an artificial and erroneous public opinion to the ideas for
and disarmament shared by a growing majority of mankind?
We wish to suggest a number of ways that
progressive journalists using their pens and microphones can wage
struggle against the forces of reaction, misinformation and
Tell your readers and your listeners that
peaceful coexistence is
a necessity, indeed, that there is no alternative to world peace, that
is advantageous to all countries, that the right to live in peace is
basic human right, the guarantor of all other rights.
Explain to your readers and your listeners
that the objective of
international relations should be disarmament, not arms races and show
the colossal amount of resources now being squandered on arms should be
solve the great universal programs of hunger, poor health , illiteracy,
standard housing, etc.
Expose to your readers and your listeners
that the drift towards
war and military intervention is not in the interest of the peoples of
Americas but only served the military-industrial-state complex’s greed
greater profits from the manufacture and sale of weapons.
Highlight in your news reports and
commentaries all proposals for
disarmament, all disarmament conferences, the activities of the growing
movement around the world and the efforts to have the Caribbean
recognised in practice as a Zone of Peace.
Expose in your papers and on your radio
and television stations
the lies against the Cuban Revolution, the Nicaraguan Revolution, the
Surinamese process, the Grenada Revolution and the truth and reality of
reasons for the struggles of the oppressed peoples of El Salvador,
We in Grenada believe that the peoples of
the world have the
fundamental right to obtain an objective idea of the reality with the
clear and precise information and at the same time the right to freely
their opinion through the mass media.
Connected to that is our view that today’s
journalists have a
great responsibility to help make information broadly accessible to
opinion and to enable public opinion to directly participate in the
work of the
This places on the journalist a
responsibility to exercise
professional honesty, regret for human dignity and defence of universal
values and in this context we strongly support the efforts of UNESCO,
[International Organization of Journalists] and the world democratic
journalists movement to establish an international code of journalism
based on the following responsibilities and ethical standards:
journalist is responsible for what he writes, publishes or broadcasts.
journalist has a duty to defend peace and non-recourses to force in the
resolving of international disputes.
journalist has a responsibility to struggle against all forms of
and racial, social or religious intolerance.
journalist has a responsibility to minutely verify the information
or intended for publication of broadcast.
journalists who engage in publishing or broadcasting cheap
vulgarity, pornography, lies, false information, hoaxes and standards
the lofty principles of professionalism manipulate public opinion by
its attention from the real and important issues and prostitute
reaction and its greed to make profits from such journalistic abuses.
the journalist has the duty to preserve the honour of his profession
maintain in relations with his colleagues a balance between the spirit
healthy competition and professional solidarity
And never for one moment be tempted to
believe that to achieve
such an international code of ethics does not involve just as great a
as that for a new world information order.
Indeed, they are one and the same thing.
THE EMPEROR VISITS THE REGION
Comrades, before concluding I wish to take
this opportunity to
restate Grenada’s views on the one news event which has surpassed all
recent time, in the coverage it received from the Caribbean mass media
President Reagan’s visit to our region last week.
The character of this visit and the
inflammatory remarks made by
President Reagan constituted a fundamental insult to the people of
the people of the Caribbean and the regional journalist community.
Firstly, Reagan ignores Mr. Michael
Manley, opposition leader in
Jamaica, during his one day visit there, then shortly after landing in
on the soil of a sister Caricom Nation, he launches a vehement attack
Grenada, another member of the Caribbean Community.
During his four-day stay he insultingly
refuses to drive in a car
provided by the Barbadian people, or eat Barbadian food or accept the
of Barbadian health care.
This illustrious gentleman who fancies
himself as a 20th
century emperor not only takes with him a royal entourage of hundreds
courtiers and minions armed even with their own toilet paper but also a
battalion of swarming Western newsmen who enjoy free access to all the
and events that the Emperor graces with his presence while Barbadian
Caribbean journalists are harassed, bullied and denied their national
professional rights to cover the visit by Reagan’s crew of racist
This insult, this imperial arrogance, this
contemptible disrespect on the sovereign soil of our region, comrades,
the strongest condemnation from all democratic and independent minded
And there are lessons that Caribbean
journalists and Caribbean journalism
must glean from such experiences, for what we witnessed last week are
characteristics of an insensitive millionaire who represents the
an imperialist ruling class whose co-called concern for the region’s
Caribbean journalism therefore cannot set
itself apart in some
illusionary ivory tower of objectivity and not arise its voice against
similar abuses, insults and disrespectful and imperialist practices
independent, sovereign and freedom-loving people of our region.
Indeed, Caribbean journalism has the duty
and responsibility to
side with exploited and oppressed masses of our region against monopoly
For as long as there are social classes in
our societies, and as
long as our region and the world is divided into rich and poor, haves
notes, privileged and under-privileged journalism cannot exist and
of these contradictions.
It cannot be independent of society, it
cannot be uncommitted to
topical social problems because it would lose its purpose and cease to
journalism at all.
On the contrary, only its close connection
with society, with the
forces of progress of the forces of backwardness, do we find the
purpose of journalism’s existence.
FIGHT CONCENTRATION AND MONOPOLY OWNERSHIP
OF THE MEDIA
It is clear that one of the major
challenges that will confront
progressive and honest journalists in our region in the months and
is the urgent task of demonopolizing the Caribbean mass media,
region’s large newspapers with their myriad corporate and ideological
And growing out of this effort will be the
democratise the workplaces where journalists labour, i.e. to provide
opportunities to participate in editorial and management
processes, to set productivity targets, to organise emulation and
committees and to share the profits of the media enterprises.
And it must be emphasised that the issue
of concentration and
monopolization of newspaper has relevance not only to Caribbean
to Western journalism in general.
Permit me here, comrades, to refer to the
findings and recommendation
of a Canadian Parliamentary Commission that recently studied the state
newspaper profession in Canada.
much cannot be said for the concept of press freedom as the
guarantee of responsibility.
one-newspaper town, it means nothing except the right of
a proprietor to do what he will with his own.
country that has allowed papers to be owned by a few conglomerates,
freedom of the press means, in itself, only that enormous influence
responsibility is conferred on a handful of people.
the heads of such organisations to justify their position
by appealing to the principle of the freedom of the press is offensive
intellect and honesty.
we are bombarded by information that is far greater in quality,
and is more complex in nation than we can digest.
even moderately informed, therefore, we depend
increasingly on the services of intermediaries who select and interpret
most generally important to these intermediaries are the
old and difficult obligations to be accurate and fair
and balanced in their reporting, remain.
increasingly difficult task is to make reports of complex
matters both accurate and interesting, with the necessary brevity.
below the facts to their significance, to give the truth
by interpreting without distorting, is even more demanding of the
knowledge and understanding, perseverance and patience.
well done, journalism required both penetration and
breadth of mind at least equal to those of any other occupation.
Commission emphasises what is regards as the essentially
professional nature of the journalist’s work.
professional – the doctor or the lawyer, for example –
places his special skills at the service of the patient or client, to
problems which the layman does not himself know what to do about.
professional is in honour bound to use his judgment to do
what is best for the health or welfare of his client.
layman has a closely analogous need for the journalist’s services
to select from the mass of available facts, the information which is
significant to most of our newspaper’s readers and to present that
in a way that is accurate, understanding, comprehensive, interesting
the days of head-on newspaper competition, and in a less
complex society, it is natural that most journalists should think of
themselves, and should be seen, as practising a craft rather than a
equally natural that the adjustment of attitudes to a
changed society and the role of the monopoly newspaper should take time.
is sad is that the organisation of the newspaper industry
is making the transition so very long.
journalists are under-educated for their
all lack the editorial leadership that would give them
the understanding and the opportunity to perform the service that a
society now requires of them.
Davey Committee said 11 years ago that the newsrooms of
most Canadian newspapers were bone yards of broken dreams.
investigations lead us to think that there are now fewer
dreams to break.
of the cynicism is the deeper one of not having had
confidence in their publishers is thin or worse.
are frustrated by, even more, confused.
malaise is, in the Commission’s view, part of the price
we pay for conglomerate ownership.
We certainly agree with these opinions and
hasten to wish all
success to the democratic journalists of Canada in their attempts to
stronghold of the corporate mafia as they strive to develop an honest
professional approach to the career of their choice.
ALL SUCCESS TO THE CONFERENCE
We in Grenada are humbled and greatly
honoured at having been
given the opportunity to host a conference of such historic
significance and we
wish the delegates and the organizers all success in their
the next three  days.
We sincerely hope that this conference
will initiate an ongoing
process of dialogue and professional co-operation among the region’s
Comrades, the 20th
century has been called the
“century of information”.
Never before has information played such
an important role as
today because today the mass media powerfully influence the minds and
millions of people thereby contributing greatly to the general regional
international climate and the forming of public opinion.
All the greater, then, is the significance
for the future
well-being of our peoples the questions of how and for what purpose are
mass media operating and whether they serve the aims of peace, progress
truth, or whether they spread discord, distrust and lies among
This problem clearly shows the broad scope
of the responsibility
that must be assumed today, tomorrow and the days ahead by journalism,
journalists in the Caribbean, Latin America and the world.
Again, in the name of our party,
government and people, I welcome
you to our struggling but proud country.
We trust that you will receive the
opportunity during your stay
to see a bit of our country, experience the warmth of our friendly and
peace-loving people and discover the truth of our new reality as our
struggle together in a united and determined way to build a society
free of all
forms of exploitation and injustice.
With the greatest of pleasure I now
declare this historic
conference formally open and wish for all the participants peace,
ever-increasing consciousness and job-satisfaction and success in your
collective endeavours to hasten the day of the New World Information
LONG LIVE THE I.O.J.!
LONG LIVE THE FEDERATION OF LATIN AMERICAN
LONG LIVE THE P.A.J.
LONG LIVE THE MEDIA WORKERS ASSOCIATION OF
LONG LIVE ALL DEMOCRATIC AND PROGRESSIVE
JOURNALISTS IN LATIN AMERICA, THE CARIBBEAN AND THE WORLD!
LONG LIVE THE STRUGGLES OF THE
PEACE-LOVING JOURNALISTS AND MEDIA
WORKERS TO BRING ABOUT THE NEW WORLD INFORMATION ORDER!
LONG LIVE THE JUST STRUGGLES OF THE
PEOPLES OF EL SALVADOR,
NAMIBIA, SOUTH AFRICA, PALESTINE, EAST TIMOR AND OF THE WORLD FOR
JUSTICE, SOCIAL PROGRESS AND NATIONAL LIBERATION!
LONG LIVE THE CAUSE OF PEACE, PEACEFUL
LONG LIVE THE GRENADA REVOLUTION!