The Grenada Revolution Online

The Spark, [March 1975]
vol. 1, no. 2

Voice of the organisation for revolutionary education and liberation

Towards Workers, Peasants and Students' Struggle

Editorial.      

The fact that workers, the 'dock workers' to be more specific, have proven themselves to be most revolutionary, militant and self-sacrificing class of people in the '73-'74 Revolution (the crisis) has been no accident. A history of all mass revolutions since 1900 will show that this has always occured (sic). Hence there must be some general and very scientific explanation for this consistent revolutionary attitude of workers.

In our unjust capitalist society the working class is essential to the rich capitalist class, since these rich parasites comfortably live off the wealth that the workers create. Without a working class there can be no rich, exploiting capitalist class. We thus see how essential the working class is for the maintenance of THE CAPITALIST AS THE RULING CLASS, WHO OPPRESS AND EXPLOIT WORKERS AT EVERY TURN. We also go to realise that although the majority - workers - produce all the wealth in the society, the large profits go to a minority - the capitalist - who do no work. This basic contradition (sic) in capitalist society shall lead to continuous revolutionary upheavals until the whole capitalist class is overthrown, and a new workers society built. WORKERS therefore become THE KEY TO FREEDOM FROM OPPRESSION AND EXPLOITATION.

Nevertheless, it is not only this which enables workers to play this vibrant and leading role in all mass revolutions. The working class is also force (sic) to labour under conditions that other classes are free from: (1) A HIGH LEVEL OF DISCIPLINE- that a worker maintains his job, he must turn up at his job site for a certain hour, he must perform given tasks in a given time. He needs also to co-ordinate his efforts with f maintain A HIGH LEVEL OF DISCIPLINE, and in the '73 '74 revolution we saw a logical extension of this high level of discipline in Grenada. Workers were to be seen on the Carenage hours before the start of demonstrations; they were the ones who saw that the lines were kept in order. They displayed a high degree of seriousness, while others revelled (jumped up) in the back of the demonstrations, and their ranks were always the most orderly. (2) WE MUST WORK IN LARGE NUMBERS - the very quantity and quality of worker that the development of capitalist society demands, brings workers together on their job sites in large numbers and forces them to work collectively; (eg Docks, Estates, Electricity Works Etc.). At their jobs they rub each others shoulders daily, talk on a personal and friendly note with their fellow workers, and quickly becomes aware of any particular problem affecting another worker. They are even more aware of the common plight of suffering of all workers, observing carefully the worsening conditions of the working class. Here, too they point out any further act of oppression or exploitation to each others, and grow to feel the suffering of each other.

Above all this, however, they can PLAN ANY ACTION they are to take. (3) THEY ARE THE MOST DOWNTRODDEN CLASS - workers have always been the foremost victim of the capitalist's onslaught on the masses. Although they produce all of society's wealth they only receive a meagre salary which can barely stretch to feed a small family. Together with this most workers (especially those in St. George's) have no small plot of land or other business to turn to, if fired: their wives are then forced to turn to the road sides selling sugar-cakes, Sno-ice, Candies etc. therefore conditions which worsen at an ever increasing rate can only lead the working class to wage a really resolute struggle for the over throw of the capitalist class and the establishing of a workers society. Thus also, workers are the only throughly (sic) revolutionary class. To betray the revolution is to betray their own interest, since their interest lies in the building of a new socialist society.

These above conditions develop the working class into a powerful force enabling them to perform their historical mission- THE TOTAL DESTRUCTION OF THE CAPITALIST CLASS AND THE CREATION OF A NEW SOCIALIST SOCIETY. With the growing awareness of workers, the capitalist shall tremble in their boots, resort to bribery, plead with the workers and finally declare war on the working class; workers shall, however, march on to perform their historical mission.

DOWN WITH THE CAPITALIST TOWARDS THE SOCIALIST REVOLUTION!!!!!!!!!!!!!

THE STUDENT AND YOUTH QUESTION

In a period in which the various types of classes are showing themselves in all sorts of social divisions and class conflicts, the student and youth sector must be examined as an entire body in itself. This is so for two reasons, (1) the dynamic nature of this particular sector and (2) because they are the chief bearers of the burdens imposed by political instability and social division. I a word they suffer most. As part of this necessary examination, we must look at the varying trends within the youth in a general way, since a detailed analysis would be a formidable task; and also to the manner in which they relate tot he things which affect them.

Bluntly, the vast majority have a self-satisfied, complacent air; an air which seems to speak aloud at times, saying: "we are not politicians, let them do what they want, it does not concern us!" An argument about what is "political" activity and what isn't would be out of place here. Still, misconceptions about the role they ought to be playing is a plague - and a violent one among the unconscious youth.

It is significant that out of a possible hundred youth groups throughout the island, we can just barely week out a meagre four or five movements which have an ideology which is truely revolutionary. That is, concerned with the true course of our social problems and aimed at making these courses known to the sleeping masses. Only five! the other (96) ninety six limit themselves to sports, parties, making speeches, praying, having hikes to Fedon, cultural shows, camping, going to seminars on family planning etc. etc: the list is long. They always seek to HIDE the problem, to pretend it is non-existent, to camouflage it, so that it is not apparent to their OWN eyes. Like the Ostrick (sic) who buries its head in the sand to hide, they bury themselves to empty social activities, and are no nearer to the solution of external problems.

This miserable self-deception is dangerous to revolutionary progress. Our own experience gives us every reason to be afraid. Youth in the early and middle twenties display a marked tendency to Preserve The Existing Order. They regard with suspicion and dislike even fear, talk about revolutionary change. And if they want change at all it will only be in the form of slight, ineffective reforms. (Sad but true) Sometimes I have the feeling that these youths are more the enemies of progress than the older, middle aged types, who perhaps do not have THE ENERGY to support their convictions.

It is for these reasons that many who think (who think) that the youth are united by common feelings, common desires and so on are mistaken. The idea is scientifically incorrect. Youths cannot share the same wants and desires if their backgrounds, their environments, their MATERIAL condition of life are different. Thus the children of the middle classes will find themselves doing the same things, going to the same parties, sharing the same interest, but these will be different to the things which the children of the peasants and poor workers will be able to do. This is simple. They live in TWO DIFFERENT WORLDS, therefore their feelings will be REFLECTIONS of their experiences in their different worlds.

It cannot be doubted that there have been times in history, usually moments of national hysteria, crisis and tension, in which the youths have marched together in a broad alliance - regardless of class background. But the alliance was always loose and temporary. What we must do is to determine the correct reason why is was so easy for those who were on top to come down. Why some of the oppressors found it convenient to unite - for a time with some of the oppressed.

The first question to be asked is: exactly what were the issues around which these youths were united? The answer would declare: always issues of a national nature; concerning problems which affected everyone regardless of their class, like police brutality. The second question: have the upper classes ever joined in a workers demonstration calling for better working conditions or more wages? Clearly not! Therefore these two simple questions establish a pattern of their own and from which we can learn this important lesson: That the upper classes NEVER UNITE with the downtrodden exploited masses UNLESS for their own purposes, unless they have a strategic reason for doing so. In short, they only join the masses when it is their CLASS INTEREST TO DO SO.

Now that we may have understood the fact of the division of the youth sector, we must no longer confuse ourselves about the "common feelings" of the youth. We are all young together and perhaps that is the only thing we really have in common. Like every other part of the masses we are divided by Class interest; and it is essential that we understand this.

In addition we must accept the apparent unity among certain societies of the youth for what it really is: a surface reality, a temporary, weak thing and ineffective in the face of really revolutionary issues.

In the mean time we cannot but deplore the apathetic attitudes of the majority of youths. At this point we can do little that would be effective in true education. These attitudes must be attacked first. It it hoped that THE YOUNG WORKERS WILL LEAD.

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When PIERCE and STUART talk about "Human Rights" they are really talking about the rights of the upper classes - for that is who they really represent, NOT THE WORKERS who they exploit so clearly.

{handprinted] THE HISTORY OF THE WORLD IS A HISTORY OF CLASS STRUGGLES. ONLY AT SOCIALISM WILL IT CEASE.

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A YOUNG WORKER EXPELLED

Of all the mal-practices and blunders which seem to be entwined in the laws of the development of Gairyism, the most indecent, unscrupulous and idiotic of these if the tendency to vitimise (sic) students and workers of this society.

As usual and in keeping with the true spirit of Gairyism, the apostle has seen it fit to expell (sic) yet another young worker from her teaching job at Florida's Govt. School (St. John's). Rita Calliste who has now been thrown into the army of unemployed youths, because of her "political involvement", sees this as an attempt to secure his position, nay, moreover as repercussions of the '73 - '74 Revolution.

We must in fact understand the nature of Rita's "political involvement" and subsequent expulsion, because it is important that we identify and recognise threats and situation which go contrary to the interest and existence of that of the ruling class. It is of equal importance also, that we view this situation in line with an historical analogy.

Rita, as one with a conscientious nature had been able to grow out of the ranks of the student body (S.J.C.S.S.) as a leader, one interested in seeking and ensuring the rights of students, and even more so, concerned with National issues. As such, at the time of demonstrations ('73-'74) it was her onus to lead the students, and on one occasion when efforts were made by Schaper to prevent such a move, it was only natural that she among other students led a walk-out.

Subsequent to her employment as a teacher, LOUISON (the head teacher of the school) received three telephone calls, warning of the danger which she posed to the establishment, and as such, he had no alternative but to follow the commands of the apostle.

Sparks like these only help to kindle flames, in short, Rita is prepared to retain her womanhood and struggle to the bitter end.

Gairy, without doubt, in displaying and manifesting extreme mental imbecility; this he had already tried at many students- G.B.S.S. students in particular- and he failed miserably; he tried the same thing at a number of individuals and policemen; Lord Darkie as an ideal example, and he failed even more miserably. when will he learn? When will he be able as representative of bourgeoisie class interest, to grasp and sense the natural evolution of the WORKERS' STATE?

YOUNG WORKERS ORGANISE NOW IN YOUR AREA AND GET INVOLVED IN YOUNG WORKERS' MOVEMENTS!!!!!!

[handprinted] YOUNG WORKERS WILL LEAD!!

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THE COMMISSION AND THE STATE MACHINE

In times where the Bourgeosie (sic) are at peace to exploit the masses or workers at their leisure, reference to the state machine refer almost always to the army, parliment (sic), the prisons, the police force, the mongoose and the secret police. All these encompass past of the weaponry of the upper, ruling elite in their constant campaign against the revolutionary workers and peasants. We have come to expect laws against striking or holding public protest meetings. We have also come to expect the futile weekly exhibitions of the army on endless 'route marches' designed to strike fear into the hearts of the masses. We have come to expect all this.

CLASS INTERESTS

Because of our role, we must be quick to note, to make known, that the commission of enquiry was and is a part of this machinery of state. Having also the same class interests as the capitalists or ruling classes in the Grenada Society: We must be quick to realise the class nature of this commission.

Duffus and Fraser are legal men but legal men trained to protect the priveleges (sic) of the elite, not the workers. The Archbishop is a distinguished apostle of one of the most oppressive organisations in world history. These are the three men, the trinity who came to save Grenada. We are interested now in the historical reason for the appearance of this commission at that particular point in time. You must ask: had the appearance of these three a class basis? And if so in what ways did it manifest itself?

There was a crisis, one broadened by the revolutionary upsurge of the working classes, peasants and intellectuals. Of course the most dynamic sector with the most drive and thrust was the working sector with the dock workers as the vanguard or leadership. The upper class, divided as it was, was afraid of this, indication that the workers were becoming actively revolutionary, thus, it became a point of survival for them to devise a way through which the revolutionary inclination could be redirected, cooled and channelled along reactionary paths.

A method was devised. A few CAPITALIST leaders decided to "demand" en Enquiry: and its purpose was achieved. This move succeeded in neutralizing the revolutionary march of the workers, to be suceeded (sic) by the farce of an enquiry firstly, and secondly, the even greater farce of the enquiry report.

LESSONS TO BE LEARNED

What can we learn from this report? We can lean many things! There is talk about compensating the commercial sector for their losses, but what about the WORKERS AND PEASANTS who suffered losses during the crisis? Nothing! Again the report is very weak on the question of the state machinery, the working takes the form more of a reprimand that of a condemnation. In addition, the main offender, Gairy, escapes untouched. It is therefore necessary to conclude that the commission has a definite interest in preserving the present order of things, to keep things as much in their original state as much as possible.

Today, the commercial elite and the state elite are together again and stronger than ever. The breathing space provided by the enquiry has served this purpose in uniting the upper classes once more, clearing the way to continue the oppression of the downtrodden masses. In any other crisis, let the workers beware of commission of enquiry, they are dangerous to the revolution.

BEWARE OF THE CAPITALISTS;
THEY ARE VERY TRAITOROUS.

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The Immediate Political Situation

Grenada is today plagued with widespread poverty, massive unemployment, runaway inflation and a worsening relationship between workers and the rich exploiting CAPITALIST CLASS. Against this worsening background we hear two issues being pronounced daily- (1) The Commission of Enquiry report (2) General Elections. Coupled with all this is the just recent revolutionary upheaval which involved over Twenty thousand people. All these developments point to the fact that the country is politically unstable and the economy in a terrible state. With all this, workers are becoming more and more class conscious and the Government steadily losing support. Even some (sic) all the strong old party backers are turning around now. Many cannot find work and even those employed are being terrorised by the cost of living. To better this situation, gairy (sic) must at least provide some employment, but the country is bankrupt (no money). He therefore needs loans from abroad. However, no financial body is quite willing to grant loans to a politically unstable country, were its (sic) becoming more and more obvious that the ruling government does not enjoy a majority support of the broad masses.

No one is more aware of this general political situation than the giary (sic) government. Gairy is therefore faced with the task of (1) halting this growing support and the growing awareness of the exploited classes. (2) Giving the outside world the impression that he has the majority support, and the country is then politically stable. (3) Steadying the worsening economy - providing employment, being able to pay civil servants on time, etc.

Careful though must be given to gairy's basic plan and tactics in approaching these tasks. He aims to call an election when conditions favour him, using all unfair means so that he will win. He can then boast to the outside world that he now has a majority support, and thus get the loans that he so badly needs. It is no accident, thus, that the Commission's Report and the announcement of the revising of the electorical (sic) list came at the same time. The cricket in the park served the same purpose. Gairy's bet is that with all the confusion in the air little attention will be paid to the 'Elections' and so, together with the use of all unfair means, he will be able to retain power.

We must also view closely all the related developments that have taken place, in order that our approach be more scientific, and we see gairy's aim much clearer. Ten days have been given to enlist twenty-five thousand youths in Grenada, the very vast majority of whom are opposed to gairy. Yes, ten days. Also, the correct registration forms for registering anyone 18 years and over and wishing to vote have not been printed. Instead, 'claims forms and objection forms' have been printed, spreading more confusion. He has gone ever further- announceing (sic) that people are going around and illegally registering people. What illegality can there be in enlisting people over 18 years? He aims at scaring people away from enlisting for the coming elections. More yet - gairy has publicly announced that he will be printing the Commissions Report and selling it for one dollar, while the Torchlight sell theirs for five dollars. He hopes this will encourage people into awaiting his which may never come out. What do we learn from all these developments? We realise that it is by no chance that they have all come to life at the same time, at this specific period. We also learn - and this is vital, yes - that they all favour conditions to the obvious advantage of gairy. These developments also tell us that an election will be called soon.

Any talk of election brings to light the ruling party and the opposition parties and organisations. In that order they are the GULP, GNP and UPP, NJM. The first three parties, GNP UPP and GULP - serve the interest of the rich exploiting capitalists; they therefore have no interest in the exploited classes. There (sic) are therefore not capable of placing power in the hands of the exploited masses. NJM, however, does not represent the interest of these rich capitalists. We see this in their manifesto and paper - the Jewel. They represent the interest of the poor farmers, small shop owners and the ordinary scrunters. Also, they are the only revolutionary movement aimed at really changing society Hence we see NJM as the only mass revolutionary organisation capable of placing power in the hands of the workers, peasants and other exploited classes.

Of the three capitalist parties - GNP, UPP and GULP - only one has any support worth mentioning. This is the GULP, and this support in terms of numbers, stems from the 1951 revolution, out of which this party was born. Because of the traitorous leadership - gairy - the revolution failed and did not overthrow the rich estate owners. In fact, today gairy have joined with the whole rich ruling class including the estate owners. Imagine Leo DeGale, whose family, in 1951, was one of the richest estate owners, is today made Governor General by gairy. Because of this betrayal of the poor estate workers and farmers, gairy has lost a great deal of support from the exploited people who are awakening. They are now seeing gairy as part of the rich capitalist class - Terese, Hamilton Inn, Rock Gardens etc. [text missing] he has lost this support to NJM, who now champions the cause of those people. NJM has therefore grown considerably in strength and therefore now has the majority support among the broad masses. GNP and UPP are both 'dead' parties, gaining support from a very few estate owners and rich store owners. Hence we see in the light of the coming elections that NJM commands the majority support among the broad masses.

Nevertheless although NJM has a majority support, we must learn from our experiences. The last elections was in 1972 and the contesting parties GNP and GULP. At that time, GNP was no serious threat to gairy and the country was politically calm. All the same, gairy used all unfair means, cheating as much as possible. Now that our country has been baptised with a large revolutionary upheaval; now that the masses have awakened and are much more aware; now that a truly mass revolutionary Movement - NJM - has been born; yes - now - how will gairy act in an election. The evidence of the '72 elections is there. With gairy controlling an election is it possible for NJM to win? What should NJM's broad plan be, once they are taking part in a general election? We learn that it is almost impossible to win and election which gairy supervises. From this we can conclude that our broad plan and tactics must be such, that even if gairy retains power, we do not loose (sic) the battle, but are prepared fully to march on to victory. In short, e must use the platform now, and in campaigning o promote class consciousness among the exploited classes; we must forward the class struggle between the mass of exploited and the rich minority or few who own all property although they do no work. Every daily act of exploitation or oppression must be pointed out to the masses within the context of the class struggle. They must see quite clearly who their real enemy is - both the government and the rich capitalist class who do no work. NJM must champion the cause of the exploited workers and farmers in the coming election campaign, not only for their support, more so for the active growth of class consciousness among those two classes. NJM must also reveal quite clearly all the tricks and tactics of gairy mentioned above. The masses must be made to understand the treachery of gairy so that if or when he claims that he has won the elections it will be no great surprise. They will therefore be prepared to accept and or support what must logically follow, seeing the need for the violent overthrow of the rich ruling class. NJM will then know that even if or when gairy claims that he has won the election, he is simply forcing upon they and the masses, the very circumstances that shall bring them political power - a violent revolution.

TOWARDS THE 75 - 76 REVOLUTION: WORKERS AND FARMERS UNITE

[handprinted] THE LIBERATION OF THE WORKERS & PEASANTS CAN ONLY COME THROUGH VIOLENT REVOLUTION!!

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[handprinted] OREL STANDS FOR THE TOTAL LIBERATION OF THE WORKING CLASS FROM ALL FORMS OF EXPLOITATION AND OPPRESSION

SCIENTIFIC SOCIALIST MUST EXERT every effort to direct THE WORKING CLASS MOVEMENT IN PARTICULAR, AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIETY IN GENERAL ALONG THE STRAITEST (SIC) AND SHORTEST ROAD TOT HE VICTORY OF THE WORKERS ON A NATIONAL AND (NATIONAL) INTER-NATIONAL SCALE. THIS CANNOT BE DOUBTED BUT IT IS EASY TO MAKE MISTAKES. ONE STEP, AND WE MAY BE LEFTISTS, SAYING THAT WE RECOGNISE ONLY ONE PARTY - THE DIRECT ON NO TAKING, NO COMPROMISE AND NO RECONCILLIATION(SIC). THIS WOULD ENDANGER THE WORKERS CAUSE. THE RIGHTISTS ON THE OTHER HAND, ADHERE TO THE OLD FORMS AND THEORIES UNABLE TO ADAPT TO NEW CONDITIONS, UNABLE TO INTERPRET THE NEW SITUATIONS WHICH CONFRONT THEM. THIS IS JUST AS DANGEROUS.

OUR CONSTANT DUTY IS TO ADAPT OUR TACTICS TO EACH CHANGE, TO BE MASTER OF ALL FORMS OF STRUGGLE WHETHER THESE FORMS ORIGINATED FROM OUR CLASS - THE WORKERS CLASS OR NOT, AND TO UTILISE EVERY MEANS AS THEY ARISE TO THE CAUSE OF THE SOCIALIST REVOLUTION.

For additional and detailed information, please check out these links:

Newspapers - Outline
Gairy and Media
The Spark, vol. 1, no. 1, 2 February 1975
Torchlight and the PRG/NJM
Grenadian Voice and the PRG/NJM
Radio
Television

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